Racial Equity
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity, 2015-19


Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity, 2015-19

What does this measure?

The percentage change of residents within a geographic area, broken down by racial and ethnic groups.

Why is this important?

Population measures provide insight on the changing size and face of communities. The racial and ethnic composition of a community can offer insight into its levels of diversity, which can bring with it challenges and opportunities.

How is our county doing?

Essex County has grown far more diverse since 2000. Its Hispanic population grew the fastest, 105%, from about 79,900 residents in 2000 to 164,000 in 2015-19. The African American population increased 78%, from 18,800 to 33,400, and Asian residents grew 59%, from 16,900 to 26,900. The white population was largely stable and still makes up a large majority, with 626,100 residents.

Massachusetts experienced similar changes, but compared to Essex, it had smaller increases in its Hispanic and African American populations (89% and 52%, respectively) and a larger increase in its Asian population (90%). Racial and ethnic minority populations also increased at the national level, but at a slower pace than either Essex or Massachusetts. Unlike the County or state, the U.S. also experienced an 11% increase in the white population during this period.

While white residents were the largest racial group in every municipality in Essex County in 2015-19, some places were more diverse than others. Lawrence is a particular center for the Hispanic population: with about 64,500 Hispanic residents (who may be of any race, including white; see note below), the City accounted for approximately 39% of all Hispanic residents in Essex County. Lynn accounted for nearly 24% of the County's Hispanic population.

How do we compare to similar counties?

No comparison county had an increase in Hispanic population as large as Essex between 2000 and 2015-19. Only Middlesex, MA was close, with an 92% increase, followed by Westchester, NY (66%) and Lake, IL (64%). While Middlesex had growth in its African American population (74%) that was fairly similar to Essex, increases were substantially smaller in Westchester (10%) and Lake (6%). Compared to Essex, there were larger increases in the Asian population in both Lake (116%) and Middlesex (108%), while there was less growth for this group in Westchester (41%). Only Lake had a slight increase in white population (3%), while the other comparison counties had slight decreases.

Why do these disparities exist?

The composition of the U.S. population is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse as people of color grow in representation and will be a majority within the next two decades. Latino, Asian and multiracial groups are experiencing the largest growth with Latino's rapid increase caused largely by immigration. Latino immigrants who enter the U.S. tend to be younger and of child-bearing age. Latinas in the U.S. have higher fertility rates than Black and white women. Black, Latino and multiracial populations are also experiencing higher rates of births relative to deaths, while whites are experiencing the opposite.

Notes about the data

Rate is percentage change from 2000. The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census.

The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity, 2015-19
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA59%78%105%0%
Beverly77%****115%****198%**1%
Gloucester169%******170%****64%****-4%
Haverhill6%**63%**185%-4%
Lawrence-29%**29%50%21%
Lynn19%36%145%-25%
Methuen100%**265%**252%-4%
Newburyport286%******325%******237%****1%
Peabody-12%******329%**217%5%
Salem34%**124%**70%-1%
Andover195%309%****212%**-0%
Boxford70%******-100%******193%******2%
Danvers154%****674%******564%**3%
Essex-100%******-100%******-63%******15%
Georgetown245%******518%******545%******15%
Groveland31%******-100%******668%******12%
Hamilton35%******-46%******46%******-6%
Ipswich23%******490%******330%****4%
Lynnfield154%****216%******308%******7%
Manchester95%******-100%******105%******3%
Marblehead44%******276%******468%****-1%
Merrimac306%******-33%******202%******10%
Middleton43%******13%****26%**24%
Nahant100%******-100%******36%******-5%
Newbury273%******192%******244%******0%
North Andover75%465%****331%**4%
Rockport-89%******-81%******-37%******-8%
Rowley172%******469%******9%******13%
Salisbury285%******109%******264%******18%
Saugus239%**421%******860%**1%
Swampscott238%******113%******105%******-0%
Topsfield231%******-61%******116%******5%
Wenham192%****642%******988%****11%
West Newbury100%******-100%******352%******12%
Middlesex County, MA108%74%92%-2%
Lake County, IL116%6%64%3%
Westchester County, NY41%10%66%-5%
Massachusetts90%52%89%-0%
United States75%19%66%11%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percentage change from 2000. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Total Population by Race/Ethnicity, 2015-19
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA26,89933,424164,027626,140
Beverly903****887****2,145**38,559
Gloucester587******502****737****28,236
Haverhill846**2,310**14,72251,014
Lawrence1,363**4,53064,46342,232
Lynn6,82512,80240,09545,528
Methuen2,075**2,158**14,83737,487
Newburyport405******310******509****17,015
Peabody590******2,001**5,23447,563
Salem1,085**2,855**7,71034,176
Andover5,275958****1,768**28,606
Boxford163******0******196******7,830
Danvers715****673******1,394**25,285
Essex0******0******11******3,707
Georgetown107******68******303******8,334
Groveland47******0******215******6,668
Hamilton478******21******120******7,398
Ipswich128******301******581****13,181
Lynnfield564****158******314******11,905
Manchester39******0******82******5,310
Marblehead287******335******1,017****19,597
Merrimac69******16******166******6,665
Middleton123******145****610**9,172
Nahant78******0******53******3,358
Newbury112******73******210******6,617
North Andover1,8831,107****2,332**26,477
Rockport4******4******52******7,012
Rowley68******74******51******6,113
Salisbury104******67******335******8,977
Saugus1,065**594******2,439**25,591
Swampscott331******226******375******14,031
Topsfield172******9******110******6,318
Wenham175****141******283****4,842
West Newbury44******0******122******4,577
Middlesex County, MA190,90585,583127,9801,227,271
Lake County, IL54,15747,385152,141531,609
Westchester County, NY58,140144,053239,034622,855
Massachusetts452,436522,357809,1795,348,538
United States17,924,20941,234,64258,479,370235,377,662

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Increasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Increasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Decreasing
Crimes Against Property Decreasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Increasing
Unemployment Rate Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Decreasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Maintaining
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable