Children And Youth
Live Births to Teen Mothers


Live Births to Teen Mothers

What does this measure?

The number of babies born to females ages 15 to 19, expressed as a rate per 1,000 females.

Why is this important?

Pregnancy can derail a young woman's life, preventing her from furthering her education or growing up to be self-sufficient. Babies born to teen mothers are at higher risk of having a low birth weight and of infant mortality compared to babies born to older mothers. They are also at risk of lower cognitive development, poor educational outcomes and living in poverty.

How is our county doing?

In 2017, the teen birth rate was 12 per 1,000, over a 60% decline from the rate of 33 per 1,000 in 2000. The state rate was a bit lower at 8 per 1,000, and the national rate was higher at 19. In 2017, about 300 Essex County teens ages 15 to 19 had babies, compared to more than 700 in 2000.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Essex County had a rate equal to Lake, IL (12 per 1,000) and was higher than both Westchester, NY (7) and Middlesex, MA (4). All areas have experienced large percentage declines.

Notes about the data

Rates do not represent a unique count of births as a female may have more than one pregnancy within a given year.

Live Births to Teen Mothers
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Essex County, MA333025252423252625252118171513121212
Middlesex County, MA15131312121213131213109966544
Lake County, IL373630292828272826272319191715151212
Westchester County, NY262220191919191718171513121110887
Massachusetts262422212020212120201715141211998
United States484543414140414140383431292624222019

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Notes: Rate is per 1,000 females 15 to 19 years old.




Number of Live Births to Teen Mothers
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Essex County, MA739706598599597584627661640647543454437376341315309298
Middlesex County, MA660567609574575574610624591608504458430327298250224202
Lake County, IL801820711692679694682711680704613520507440390381308299
Westchester County, NY678598557531545588602521576534471417393360332251276221
Massachusetts5,3084,9844,6434,6434,5594,5404,7244,9494,5864,4823,9093,4783,2202,7342,4042,1401,9321,827
United States468,990445,944425,493414,580415,262414,593435,436444,899434,758409,802367,678329,772305,388273,105249,078229,715209,809194,377

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Notes: Live births to females 15 to 19 years old.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Decreasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Increasing
Crimes Against Property Increasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Increasing
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Maintaining
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Bullying Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Maintaining
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Decreasing
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining