Community Life
Means of Transportation to Work, 2013-17


Means of Transportation to Work, 2013-17

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What does this measure?

The type of transportation used on a daily basis by workers over the age of 16 who commute to work, expressed as a percentage of all workers who do not work at home.

Why is this important?

Patterns of transportation usage impact environmental and transportation planning. These patterns may also reflect issues of poverty, location of employment, the availability and quality of public transit, local land use and environmental policies, or lifestyle choices of residents.

How is our county doing?

The majority of commuters in Essex County drove alone to work in 2013-17 (79%), followed by 9% who carpooled, 6% who used public transportation and 6% who biked, walked, or used other means. This was similar to the nation. Compared to Essex, Massachusetts had a somewhat lower rate of driving to work alone (74%) and a higher share of people who used public transportation (11%).

From 2000 to 2013-17, Essex County had a slight increases in its shares of commuters who biked, walked or used other means (2 percentage points). There was a similar decrease in those who drove alone.

How do we compare to similar counties?

There were notably lower rates of driving alone in Westchester, NY (61%) and Middlesex, MA (72%) and substantially higher rates of public transportation use in both counties (24% and 13%, respectively). This likely reflects the availability of more robust public transportation in these counties. Compared to Essex, Lake, IL had a slightly higher rate of driving alone (82%) and slightly lower rates of using public transit (5%) or walking, biking and other means (4%).

Notes about the data

Data for this indicator is expected to be released annually in December.

Means of Transportation to Work, 2013-17
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Essex County, MA9%79%6%6%
Amesbury14%**80%1%******4%****
Beverly7%78%9%7%**
Gloucester8%81%5%**6%
Haverhill11%80%4%**4%**
Lawrence19%66%5%**11%
Lynn8%68%14%10%
Methuen9%87%1%**3%**
Newburyport3%****84%4%**9%**
Peabody8%84%4%**5%**
Salem8%70%11%12%
Andover7%**82%5%**6%**
Boxford10%****86%2%******2%******
Danvers6%**87%3%**3%****
Essex7%******79%10%****5%******
Georgetown7%****92%1%******1%******
Groveland9%******87%2%******2%******
Hamilton10%****77%8%****5%****
Ipswich6%**87%3%****4%****
Lynnfield7%****87%4%****1%******
Manchester3%******74%19%****4%******
Marblehead6%**80%8%**7%**
Merrimac4%******89%4%******3%******
Middleton6%****90%2%******2%******
Nahant6%******84%10%****1%******
Newbury4%******85%6%****5%******
North Andover7%**87%4%**2%**
Rockport5%******79%8%**8%****
Rowley9%******81%5%******6%******
Salisbury8%****84%3%******5%******
Saugus10%**79%8%**3%****
Swampscott6%****78%13%**3%****
Topsfield5%******93%1%******2%******
Wenham7%****71%3%******18%**
West Newbury11%******84%4%******1%******
Middlesex County, MA7%72%13%8%
Lake County, IL9%82%5%4%
Westchester County, NY9%61%24%7%
Massachusetts8%74%11%7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percent of those who do not work at home. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Workers by Means of Transportation, 2013-17
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Essex County, MA33,019289,33522,96222,043
Amesbury1,235**7,030126******342****
Beverly1,38515,8931,8281,394**
Gloucester1,09811,308691**882
Haverhill3,50724,7111,243**1,239**
Lawrence6,27122,3081,589**3,725
Lynn3,56929,0846,1754,194
Methuen2,41422,195384**657**
Newburyport283****6,904331**718**
Peabody2,13821,923976**1,196**
Salem1,62915,1542,3752,518
Andover1,124**13,043756**924**
Boxford383****3,25380******57******
Danvers836**11,801407**450****
Essex113******1,289160****77******
Georgetown304****3,95727******33******
Groveland291******2,82767******73******
Hamilton322****2,564260****180****
Ipswich378**5,837234****276****
Lynnfield434****5,065215****79******
Manchester67******1,707428****90******
Marblehead509**7,011705**587**
Merrimac147******3,073124******93******
Middleton245****3,61796******72******
Nahant104******1,569193****13******
Newbury124******2,783191****158******
North Andover982**12,629551**355**
Rockport155******2,470256**247****
Rowley271******2,480148******174******
Salisbury343****3,426117******187******
Saugus1,403**11,3641,181**470****
Swampscott428****5,208874**169****
Topsfield140******2,67225******47******
Wenham143****1,37667******346**
West Newbury244******1,80482******21******
Middlesex County, MA58,094576,826102,61562,454
Lake County, IL28,163271,28315,56614,255
Westchester County, NY38,058269,784106,34529,918
Massachusetts258,1672,440,463352,153235,009

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Means of Transportation to Work, 2000
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Essex County, MA10%81%5%4%
Beverly7%81%7%5%
Gloucester8%82%4%6%
Haverhill11%84%2%3%
Lawrence22%66%3%9%
Lynn13%71%9%6%
Methuen10%86%1%3%
Newburyport7%86%3%5%
Peabody8%87%2%2%
Salem10%74%9%7%
Andover7%86%4%4%
Boxford6%91%2%1%
Danvers7%89%3%2%
Essex5%89%2%4%
Georgetown6%91%2%1%
Groveland8%89%2%1%
Hamilton6%86%7%2%
Ipswich7%86%5%2%
Lynnfield6%88%4%2%
Manchester6%82%6%6%
Marblehead6%82%6%5%
Merrimac8%89%1%2%
Middleton7%90%2%1%
Nahant9%81%9%1%
Newbury4%90%2%4%
North Andover6%87%3%4%
Rockport7%79%6%9%
Rowley7%88%2%3%
Salisbury13%84%1%2%
Saugus8%82%8%2%
Swampscott7%78%13%3%
Topsfield5%89%4%2%
Wenham5%78%9%8%
West Newbury9%90%0%1%
Middlesex County, MA8%75%11%6%
Lake County, IL11%80%5%5%
Westchester County, NY10%64%21%6%
Massachusetts9%76%9%6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percent of those who do not work at home. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Workers by Means of Transportation, 2000
CarpooledDrove AlonePublic transportationTaxicab, motorcycle, bicycle, walked, or other means
Essex County, MA32,332270,60415,50113,911
Beverly1,40315,9331,3871,003
Gloucester1,16611,851552882
Haverhill3,16723,869549854
Lawrence5,41216,0198272,072
Lynn5,04826,9933,4622,312
Methuen1,94017,383263520
Newburyport6107,369222401
Peabody1,93820,518521474
Salem2,09715,3421,7931,489
Andover99012,213545527
Boxford2223,2377047
Danvers82811,010312246
Essex741,3553659
Georgetown2103,2909031
Groveland2582,7104727
Hamilton2133,03423160
Ipswich4355,607308156
Lynnfield3224,428205101
Manchester1391,975136147
Marblehead6308,097629482
Merrimac2622,8754263
Middleton2402,9075229
Nahant1611,49716027
Newbury1202,94380118
North Andover75210,946368488
Rockport2582,906205314
Rowley2112,4856371
Salisbury4973,2915060
Saugus1,01310,6611,005262
Swampscott4955,476883180
Topsfield1282,39211352
Wenham821,220139127
West Newbury1781,847722
Middlesex County, MA62,437550,45077,39345,629
Lake County, IL32,306242,38714,08815,367
Westchester County, NY40,384261,74283,97422,647
Massachusetts279,1112,290,258264,195171,769

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY