The type of transportation used on a daily basis by workers over the age of 16 who commute to work, expressed as a percentage of all workers who do not work at home.
Patterns of transportation usage impact environmental and transportation planning. These patterns may also reflect issues of poverty, location of employment, the availability and quality of public transit, local land use and environmental policies, or lifestyle choices of residents.
The majority of commuters in Essex County drove alone to work in 2013-17 (79%), followed by 9% who carpooled, 6% who used public transportation and 6% who biked, walked, or used other means. This was similar to the nation. Compared to Essex, Massachusetts had a somewhat lower rate of driving to work alone (74%) and a higher share of people who used public transportation (11%).
From 2000 to 2013-17, Essex County had a slight increases in its shares of commuters who biked, walked or used other means (2 percentage points). There was a similar decrease in those who drove alone.
There were notably lower rates of driving alone in Westchester, NY (61%) and Middlesex, MA (72%) and substantially higher rates of public transportation use in both counties (24% and 13%, respectively). This likely reflects the availability of more robust public transportation in these counties. Compared to Essex, Lake, IL had a slightly higher rate of driving alone (82%) and slightly lower rates of using public transit (5%) or walking, biking and other means (4%).
Data for this indicator is expected to be released annually in December.