Demographics
Language Diversity


Language Diversity

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What does this measure?

The share of people 5 and older in a geographic area who speak a language other than English at home. This includes both people who speak English well and those who do not.

Why is this important?

Language diversity can indicate a growing bilingual or multilingual population, and it may also indicate a need for language instruction or bilingual services and communication.

How is our county doing?

In 2015-19, 26% of Essex County residents spoke a language other than English at home, up from 19% in 2000. This is higher than both the state rate (24%), which increased 5 percentage points since 2000, and the national rate (22%), up 4 points.

The City of Lawrence, at 78%, had the most language diversity, followed by the City of Lynn, at 54%. Their rates increased 14 points and 20 points, respectively, since 2000.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Essex County's language diversity rate was similar to Middlesex, MA, while rates were slightly higher in Lake, IL (29%) and higher in Westchester, NY (34%). The comparison counties all grew at about the same rate as Essex County.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Language Diversity
20002010-142015-19
Essex County, MA19%25%26%
Amesbury6%*4%*
Beverly8%8%10%
Gloucester10%11%9%
Haverhill14%20%22%
Lawrence64%77%78%
Lynn34%47%54%
Methuen20%29%36%
Newburyport7%8%*7%**
Peabody17%21%21%
Salem21%23%22%
Andover12%19%20%
Boxford6%9%**5%**
Danvers7%9%12%
Essex5%8%**3%***
Georgetown5%4%**5%**
Groveland5%3%***3%***
Hamilton6%6%*8%*
Ipswich5%5%*8%*
Lynnfield8%11%*10%*
Manchester5%5%**8%**
Marblehead7%9%*13%
Merrimac2%4%**4%***
Middleton10%17%*16%*
Nahant12%10%**11%**
Newbury4%5%**3%***
North Andover12%16%15%
Rockport6%6%**3%**
Rowley2%2%***3%***
Salisbury7%3%**6%**
Saugus10%16%18%
Swampscott12%16%17%*
Topsfield8%7%**5%***
Wenham4%8%*9%*
West Newbury4%3%***4%**
Middlesex County, MA20%25%27%
Lake County, IL21%28%29%
Westchester County, NY28%33%34%
Massachusetts19%22%24%
United States18%21%22%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of People who Speak a Language Other Than English at Home
20002010-142015-19
Essex County, MA130,750175,330195,635
Amesbury871*741*
Beverly3,0982,8964,066
Gloucester2,9403,1272,628
Haverhill7,86611,56413,049
Lawrence42,29854,25757,609
Lynn28,18339,51946,587
Methuen8,03612,93117,269
Newburyport1,1521,303*1,261**
Peabody7,60210,35610,587
Salem7,8449,3369,028
Andover3,5356,1406,933
Boxford442694**405**
Danvers1,6972,3143,124
Essex168264**99***
Georgetown305332**376**
Groveland263229***213***
Hamilton446478*586*
Ipswich665607*1,050*
Lynnfield8671,320*1,171*
Manchester230273**412**
Marblehead1,3911,719*2,581
Merrimac142276**284***
Middleton7361,547*1,462*
Nahant402332**368**
Newbury227359**240***
North Andover3,1394,3994,389
Rockport461420**203**
Rowley11590***190***
Salisbury541283**528**
Saugus2,5494,0644,893
Swampscott1,5972,1312,387*
Topsfield452415**294***
Wenham181373*451*
West Newbury155111***171**
Middlesex County, MA280,531366,633402,059
Lake County, IL126,548184,729190,193
Westchester County, NY244,339298,917306,601
Massachusetts1,115,5701,399,8281,547,306
United States46,951,59561,409,17065,947,773

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Increasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Increasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Decreasing
Crimes Against Property Decreasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Increasing
Unemployment Rate Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Decreasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Maintaining
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable