Financial Self-Sufficiency
Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17


Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17

What does this measure?

Median household income, in 2017 dollars. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.

Why is this important?

Median household income is a gauge of the overall economic health of the region and the financial resources of households. Differences among racial and ethnic groups is a gauge of the economic health of those groups, and may reflect disparities in access to economic opportunity.

How is our county doing?

In 2013-17, the overall median household income in Essex County was $73,500. Median income was substantially lower among African American ($51,700) and Hispanic ($41,100) households, and higher among white ($78,300) and Asian ($95,100) households. After inflation, Asian households saw the largest increase since 2000 (14%), compared to small increases among African American (2%) and Hispanic (3%) households, and a small decrease among whites (2%).

The state had similar disparities in 2013-17. African American households in Essex earned more than in Massachusetts as a whole ($46,200), and Hispanics in Essex earned slightly more than at the state level ($39,300). Earnings for white Massachusetts residents were similar to Essex, while Asians in Essex earned more than the state median ($87,000). Compared to national medians, most groups in Essex earned more except Hispanic households, who fared better at the national level ($46,600). Among Essex County's cities, median income for Hispanic households was lower than the County median in Lawrence ($36,600), but higher than the County median in Lynn ($43,100) and Haverhill ($47,400).

How do we compare to similar counties?

Essex County's disparities were similar to the comparison counties. Essex County had lower median incomes for every racial and ethnic group than the comparison counties, with the exception of African Americans in Lake, IL ($43,500).

Notes about the data

Figures are in constant 2017 dollars. The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA$95,141$51,702$41,145$78,314
AmesburyN/A******N/A******N/A******$79,322
BeverlyN/A******N/A******$28,958****$78,672
Gloucester$81,055******$40,875******$45,000**$65,850
Haverhill$82,500$67,969****$47,431$68,798
Lawrence$48,730$46,635**$36,550$40,685
Lynn$55,129$46,269$43,092$60,751
Methuen$91,719**$51,528******$58,365**$75,625
Newburyport$250,001N/A******$95,948******$90,379
Peabody$56,969****$52,027****$33,422**$66,806
Salem$117,125**$40,927$28,750******$67,722
Andover$150,682$137,159******$46,250******$146,076
Boxford$156,080**N/A******N/A******$155,833**
DanversN/A******N/A******N/A******$82,602
EssexN/A******N/A******N/A******$109,327
Georgetown$250,001N/A******N/A******$113,167
GrovelandN/A******N/A******N/A******$95,154**
Hamilton$2,499N/A******N/A******$118,750**
Ipswich$115,278******N/A******N/A******$80,631
Lynnfield$119,296******N/A******$129,583****$115,803
ManchesterN/A******N/A******N/A******$107,656
Marblehead$141,607****$142,763******$200,703**$105,589
MerrimacN/A******N/A******N/A******$82,583**
Middleton$227,833******N/A******N/A******$107,444
NahantN/A******N/A******N/A******$81,205**
NewburyN/A******N/A******N/A******$89,248
North Andover$150,556**N/A******N/A******$107,312
RockportN/A******N/A******N/A******$72,117
RowleyN/A******N/A******N/A******$89,265**
SalisburyN/A******N/A******$59,773******$72,340
Saugus$89,038****$135,846****$97,549**$81,367
Swampscott$148,661******$136,181******$110,507******$105,434
TopsfieldN/A******N/A******N/A******$131,448
WenhamN/A******N/A******N/A******$97,596
West Newbury$114,886****N/A******N/A******$137,639
Middlesex County, MA$103,699$52,638$56,536$96,047
Lake County, IL$110,639$43,537$54,087$86,159
Westchester County, NY$123,243$56,859$57,809$104,724
Massachusetts$86,965$46,196$39,299$78,696
United States$80,398$38,183$46,627$61,363

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.








Median Household Income, by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA$83,616$50,475$40,000$79,748
Beverly$90,975$67,312$40,655$79,783
Gloucester$76,630$69,029$54,868$70,299
Haverhill$89,351$62,735$55,992$73,795
Lawrence$69,786$45,059$36,596$43,849
Lynn$58,997$46,399$41,691$58,873
Methuen$104,991$54,715$52,087$73,926
Newburyport$86,439$53,795$110,641$86,030
Peabody$76,067$69,505$38,205$82,989
Salem$75,405$60,043$46,305$67,090
Andover$148,137$47,292$90,669$129,115
Boxford$166,187$0$294,263$166,852
Danvers$125,860$71,267$108,175$86,138
Essex$106,933$0$0$87,950
Georgetown$0$0$0$112,265
Groveland$0$53,335$0$102,430
Hamilton$48,606$147,743$168,259$108,100
Ipswich$52,109$0$71,726$84,547
Lynnfield$294,263$150,462$127,276$117,647
Manchester$0$0$0$108,093
Marblehead$86,863$92,417$187,592$109,184
Merrimac$12,874$0$12,874$86,931
Middleton$7,162$0$0$119,803
Nahant$135,224$45,978$57,013$93,733
Newbury$0$184,309$294,263$110,463
North Andover$173,247$69,593$34,208$105,090
Rockport$57,013$23,909$57,013$75,664
Rowley$133,826$0$0$91,253
Salisbury$68,048$80,253$57,013$72,722
Saugus$46,788$38,339$92,186$82,477
Swampscott$57,013$86,623$26,738$105,287
Topsfield$10,771$0$0$142,443
Wenham$0$0$0$133,189
West Newbury$0$118,423$9,196$137,528
Middlesex County, MA$91,589$60,300$56,804$91,777
Lake County, IL$120,484$55,568$68,080$104,355
Westchester County, NY$127,845$58,037$60,733$106,140
Massachusetts$75,438$49,623$40,167$77,163
United States$76,373$43,290$49,548$65,748

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.








INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Decreasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Increasing
Crimes Against Property Increasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Increasing
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Decreasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Decreasing
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining