Financial Self-Sufficiency
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17


People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17

What does this measure?

The proportion of people within racial and ethnic groups with incomes below the poverty line. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2017, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,858.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people in poverty in various racial and ethnic groups is a measure of the overall economic health of these groups and may reflect disparities in access to economic opportunity. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports.

How is our county doing?

In 2013-17, 24% of Hispanic residents and 18% of African American residents in Essex County had incomes below the poverty line, compared to 12% among Asian residents and 9% among white residents. Since 2000, rates declined by 4 percentage points for Hispanics and by 3 points for African Americans. The rate for white residents increased slightly, by 2 points. The rate for Asian residents was flat.

Essex had a lower poverty rate for African Americans than Massachusetts and the nation, at 21% and 25%, respectively. The poverty rate for Hispanic residents of Essex was lower than the state (28%), but slightly higher than the U.S. (22%). The national rate for whites, at 12%, was higher than in Essex. Within the County, Lawrence had some of the highest poverty rates for Hispanic and white residents, at 26% and 22%, respectively.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Comparable counties had the same basic disparities among racial and ethnic groups. Essex County had a higher poverty rate for Hispanic residents than Middlesex, MA (21%), Lake, IL (15%) and Westchester (17%). Its rate for African Americans was quite a bit lower than Lake (24%). Poverty rates for Asians were lower in Westchester (7%) and Lake (6%).

Notes about the data

Poverty status is not reported for people in institutions, including college dormitories and military barracks, and people in living situations without conventional housing. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released annually in December.

People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA12%**18%24%9%
Amesbury0%******4%******18%******5%**
Beverly19%******13%******32%******8%**
Gloucester7%******49%******20%******8%**
Haverhill7%******7%******24%**12%
Lawrence13%******22%****26%22%
Lynn13%**19%**24%14%
Methuen17%******17%******16%**7%**
Newburyport0%******69%******6%******6%******
Peabody20%******16%******28%****8%
Salem10%******19%******35%**12%
Andover6%******2%******18%******4%**
Boxford0%******N/A******0%******3%******
Danvers18%******1%******21%******6%**
EssexN/A******N/A******0%******6%******
Georgetown0%******0%******5%******4%******
Groveland0%******0%******4%******2%******
Hamilton77%******0%******14%******6%****
Ipswich1%******68%******8%******7%****
Lynnfield0%******11%******0%******2%******
Manchester0%******N/A******49%******4%******
Marblehead0%******0%******8%******5%**
Merrimac0%******N/A******0%******5%******
Middleton0%******N/A******32%******4%******
Nahant0%******0%******24%******5%******
Newbury0%******0%******0%******4%******
North Andover7%******10%******24%******5%**
RockportN/A******0%******38%******5%****
Rowley2%******0%******8%******6%******
Salisbury39%******0%******11%******9%**
Saugus12%******8%******16%******8%**
Swampscott13%******0%******6%******6%****
Topsfield0%******100%******25%******1%******
Wenham0%******100%******6%******2%******
West Newbury0%******N/A******0%******6%******
Middlesex County, MA11%19%21%7%
Lake County, IL6%**24%15%7%
Westchester County, NY7%16%17%7%
Massachusetts14%21%28%9%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA3,020**5,35136,26052,072
Amesbury0******5******83******755**
Beverly111******40******484******2,910**
Gloucester22******191******113******2,261**
Haverhill60******124******3,097**6,243
Lawrence245******1,069****16,2839,528
Lynn978**2,398**8,5016,138
Methuen324******370******2,187**2,732**
Newburyport0******179******22******984******
Peabody141******273******1,375****3,730
Salem102******449******2,612**3,720
Andover269******16******230******1,030**
Boxford0******0******0******228******
Danvers110******2******239******1,500**
Essex0******0******0******228******
Georgetown0******0******15******292******
Groveland0******0******11******162******
Hamilton307******0******12******467****
Ipswich1******71******34******865****
Lynnfield0******8******1******219******
Manchester0******0******42******197******
Marblehead0******0******53******888**
Merrimac0******0******0******361******
Middleton0******0******91******305******
Nahant0******0******9******164******
Newbury0******0******0******293******
North Andover123******91******416******1,170**
Rockport0******0******56******356****
Rowley1******0******1******336******
Salisbury56******0******26******776**
Saugus157******61******213******2,009**
Swampscott13******0******28******837****
Topsfield0******3******20******71******
Wenham0******1******6******59******
West Newbury0******0******0******258******
Middlesex County, MA18,58514,87123,59377,782
Lake County, IL2,891**10,69722,21038,340
Westchester County, NY3,99522,13739,25441,938
Massachusetts57,08998,196202,789453,465

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA13%21%28%7%
Beverly0%18%23%5%
Gloucester4%15%24%9%
Haverhill13%17%24%8%
Lawrence12%29%31%18%
Lynn23%22%26%13%
Methuen4%24%21%6%
Newburyport7%21%20%5%
Peabody15%9%24%5%
Salem11%16%23%8%
Andover3%6%25%4%
Boxford0%N/A8%1%
Danvers0%6%0%3%
Essex0%N/AN/A7%
GeorgetownN/AN/A0%3%
Groveland0%0%0%4%
Hamilton27%0%0%5%
Ipswich5%0%0%7%
Lynnfield0%0%0%2%
Manchester0%N/AN/A5%
Marblehead0%22%0%4%
Merrimac100%N/A62%3%
Middleton35%N/A0%3%
Nahant0%0%0%3%
Newbury0%11%0%3%
North Andover6%0%23%3%
Rockport0%0%0%4%
Rowley0%N/AN/A4%
Salisbury27%0%34%6%
Saugus9%0%0%4%
Swampscott0%0%0%4%
Topsfield26%0%0%2%
WenhamN/AN/AN/A3%
West Newbury0%0%23%4%
Middlesex County, MA11%14%20%5%
Lake County, IL3%17%14%4%
Westchester County, NY6%18%20%5%
Massachusetts16%21%30%7%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA2,1643,56921,73140,175
Beverly0741681,979
Gloucester7331352,471
Haverhill881991,2363,954
Lawrence24385713,3186,035
Lynn1,3262,0064,2067,649
Methuen441228712,400
Newburyport7851777
Peabody94314012,038
Salem981711,0142,649
Andover61111291,017
Boxford001098
Danvers080697
Essex000215
Georgetown000242
Groveland000262
Hamilton5100344
Ipswich400910
Lynnfield000272
Manchester000249
Marblehead0200823
Merrimac708158
Middleton1900216
Nahant00092
Newbury070191
North Andover590108659
Rockport000286
Rowley000224
Salisbury14012474
Saugus29001,068
Swampscott000492
Topsfield130091
Wenham000115
West Newbury0012149
Middlesex County, MA9,9276,23812,59265,097
Lake County, IL7016,82912,54320,254
Westchester County, NY2,49122,06327,55235,550
Massachusetts36,58868,035122,636366,337

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Data not shown where sample sizes were too small. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY