Financial Self-Sufficiency
Economically Disadvantaged Students


Economically Disadvantaged Students

What does this measure?

The share of students who are economically disadvantaged. Economic disadvantage is based on a student's participation in social safety net programs.

Why is this important?

This measure not only shows the proportion of low-income students and families in an area, it is also an indication of the potential challenges facing schools as they work to educate children who have fewer resources.

How is our county doing?

In 2018, 34% of students in the Essex County were economically disadvantaged, above the statewide rate of 32%. Essex County's rate has increased from 28% in 2015, rising at a similar rate to the state.

Of the 42 school districts and charter schools in Essex County with data in 2018, 18 had economically disadvantaged students make up more than 25% of their student body, and 8 had rates of 50% or more. The Lawrence School District at 64%, followed by the Lawrence Family Development Charter and the Lynn School District (at 60% and 59%) had the highest rates in Essex County.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Middlesex, MA had an economically disadvantaged rate that was 13 percentage points less than Essex County, at 21%. Middlesex has increased by 4 percentage points from 2015 to 2018, in comparison to Essex's 6.

Notes about the data

Data is from the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. Students are considered economically disadvantaged if they participate in one or more of the following state-administered programs: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); the Transitional Assistance for Families with Dependent Children (TAFDC); the Department of Children and Families' (DCF) foster care program; and MassHealth (Medicaid). It is important to note that a lower share of students is identified as economically disadvantaged under this measure than was identified under the previously used free or reduced-price lunch measure. Data for this measure is not available prior to 2015. National data is not available for this measure.

Economically Disadvantaged Students
2015201620172018
Essex County, MA28%30%32%34%
Middlesex County, MA17%18%20%21%
Massachusetts26%27%30%32%
School Districts in Essex
Amesbury18%21%22%23%
Amesbury Academy Charter Public52%
Andover6%6%6%7%
Beverly22%24%26%26%
Boxford2%3%4%5%
Community Day Charter Public School - Gateway55%46%51%51%
Community Day Charter Public School - Prospect48%49%48%54%
Community Day Charter Public School - R. Kingman Webster47%50%49%52%
Danvers16%17%16%16%
Essex North Shore Agricultural and Technical18%21%21%18%
Georgetown7%9%9%9%
Gloucester31%34%35%37%
Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical48%48%52%53%
Hamilton-Wenham6%7%7%7%
Haverhill38%41%45%47%
Hill View Montessori Charter Public16%16%15%18%
Ipswich12%12%12%14%
KIPP Academy Lynn Charter43%44%48%51%
Lawrence62%63%65%64%
Lawrence Family Development Charter60%55%55%60%
Lynn46%47%52%59%
Lynnfield6%7%7%8%
Manchester Essex Regional6%8%8%8%
Marblehead9%9%9%10%
Marblehead Community Charter Public5%4%3%11%
Masconomet4%5%6%6%
Methuen28%30%32%35%
Middleton8%8%8%9%
Nahant17%16%20%20%
Newburyport7%8%9%10%
North Andover11%11%13%14%
Peabody26%27%30%31%
Pentucket9%10%10%12%
River Valley Charter6%6%6%8%
Rockport15%17%17%18%
Salem43%44%47%49%
Salem Academy Charter27%31%32%31%
Saugus23%25%27%29%
Silver Hill Horace Mann Charter27%24%25%29%
Swampscott12%13%14%15%
Topsfield3%6%7%4%
Triton15%17%18%21%
Whittier Regional Vocational Technical23%25%29%30%

Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education




Number of Economically Disadvantaged Students
2015201620172018
Essex County, MA32,93534,53737,02139,377
Middlesex County, MA37,28539,57943,71246,798
Massachusetts251,026260,998288,465305,203
School Districts in Essex
Amesbury401466482501
Amesbury Academy Charter Public24
Andover334382376416
Beverly9741,0641,1611,155
Boxford15232839
Community Day Charter Public School - Gateway110110142164
Community Day Charter Public School - Prospect190196193215
Community Day Charter Public School - R. Kingman Webster93121136167
Danvers566616547559
Essex North Shore Agricultural and Technical201254274253
Georgetown99125127132
Gloucester9289891,0171,063
Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical651672768796
Hamilton-Wenham109128122120
Haverhill2,7563,0273,3623,530
Hill View Montessori Charter Public50504555
Ipswich220220221246
KIPP Academy Lynn Charter368453575687
Lawrence8,5728,6138,9918,875
Lawrence Family Development Charter404383392440
Lynn6,8707,1017,9049,098
Lynnfield136157145169
Manchester Essex Regional92113111112
Marblehead278276293301
Marblehead Community Charter Public129724
Masconomet75103110113
Methuen1,9632,1232,1902,410
Middleton58575561
Nahant29242829
Newburyport174183206225
North Andover513532607694
Peabody1,5611,5921,7891,839
Pentucket235247260290
River Valley Charter16171822
Rockport144159154163
Salem1,7921,6571,7591,808
Salem Academy Charter100132141146
Saugus612671689740
Silver Hill Horace Mann Charter157138140164
Swampscott260302315324
Topsfield17364427
Triton420456462529
Whittier Regional Vocational Technical294333381373

Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Decreasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Increasing
Crimes Against Property Increasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Increasing
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Decreasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Decreasing
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining