Financial Self-Sufficiency
People by Income to Poverty Level, 2013-17


People by Income to Poverty Level, 2013-17

What does this measure?

The share of residents with incomes below the poverty level, and at various proportions of the poverty level (below half, double the poverty level, etc.). Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2017, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,858.

Why is this important?

The percentage of people living in or near poverty is a measure of the overall economic health of a region. It also indicates the level of need for social and government supports.

How is our county doing?

In 2013-17, 11% of residents had incomes below the poverty level, including 5% with incomes less than half of the poverty level. These individuals are considered to live in extreme poverty. Another 13% of county residents had incomes between 100% and 199% of the poverty level, 13% had incomes between 200% and 299% of poverty, and 62% had incomes above that level. This was essentially unchanged since 2008-12. That distribution of incomes was very similar to the state and better than the nation, where 14% of residents were below the poverty line, 18% between 100% and 199%, 16% between 200% and 299%, and 50% above that level.

The cities of Lawrence and Lynn had the highest percentages of residents living below the poverty level at 24% and 18%, respectively, including 10% and 8% of residents in extreme poverty. Since 2008-12, poverty decreased 5 percentage points in Lawrence and 3 points in Lynn.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Though Essex County had the highest percentage of residents with incomes under the poverty level in 2013-17, at 11%, the comparison counties were all very similar, with both Westchester, NY and Lake, IL at 9%, and Middlesex, MA at 8%. There were slightly higher proportions of residents at the upper end - at or above the 300% of poverty - in Middlesex (72%) and Westchester (68%), while Lake (64%) was fairly similar to Essex.

Notes about the data

The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are expected to be released annually in December.

People by Income to Poverty Level, 2013-17
Under 50%50% to 99%100% to 199%200% to 299%300% or Higher
Essex County, MA5%6%13%13%62%
Amesbury2%**3%****9%15%71%
Beverly4%**4%**13%11%67%
Gloucester3%**5%15%14%63%
Haverhill6%6%16%16%56%
Lawrence10%14%28%19%29%
Lynn8%10%19%20%44%
Methuen4%**6%15%16%60%
Newburyport4%****3%****10%**7%77%
Peabody4%6%13%14%64%
Salem6%9%13%14%58%
Andover2%**2%**4%6%85%
Boxford0%******3%******4%******6%**87%
Danvers3%**3%**10%12%71%
Essex4%******2%******7%****8%**79%
Georgetown1%******2%******5%****8%**84%
Groveland2%******0%******11%******15%**72%
Hamilton6%**4%****6%**12%**72%
Ipswich4%**3%****11%11%71%
Lynnfield1%******1%******4%****8%86%
Manchester2%******2%******6%******15%**75%
Marblehead3%**2%****6%**9%81%
Merrimac2%******3%******11%**15%**69%
Middleton2%******2%******4%******10%**82%
Nahant2%******3%******10%****7%****79%
Newbury1%******3%******6%****13%****77%
North Andover2%**3%**6%**8%81%
Rockport4%****2%******13%**11%**70%
Rowley5%******1%******5%******8%**81%
Salisbury6%****4%****15%13%**62%
Saugus3%**5%**9%11%72%
Swampscott4%****2%****5%**9%79%
Topsfield0%******1%******5%******6%****87%
Wenham1%******1%******9%******13%**77%
West Newbury4%******2%******1%******10%**84%
Middlesex County, MA4%4%10%10%72%
Lake County, IL4%5%13%14%64%
Westchester County, NY4%5%12%11%68%
Massachusetts5%6%13%13%64%
United States6%8%18%16%51%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of People by Income to Poverty Level, 2013-17
Under 50%50% to 99%100% to 199%200% to 299%300% or Higher
Essex County, MA36,72645,708101,437102,236473,258
Amesbury410**425****1,5332,58712,037
Beverly1,554**1,619**4,9144,40925,910
Gloucester934**1,5734,5474,03718,523
Haverhill3,9643,8209,6829,62034,814
Lawrence7,86111,12222,27314,64022,534
Lynn7,2209,60717,31318,05340,270
Methuen1,889**2,7477,1437,66429,742
Newburyport713****513****1,706**1,19513,478
Peabody1,8973,2226,8337,06033,089
Salem2,5933,7145,5195,62223,830
Andover811**701**1,4982,06628,960
Boxford15******213******328******531**7,141
Danvers772**920**2,8193,35319,048
Essex137******91******258****304**2,885
Georgetown119******173******429****676**7,164
Groveland148******14******705******978**4,852
Hamilton466**330****449**918**5,661
Ipswich490**478****1,4551,5069,789
Lynnfield159******69******474****1,03610,961
Manchester109******88******327******824**3,978
Marblehead558**372****1,149**1,75816,439
Merrimac134******227******719**1,021**4,627
Middleton136******169******320******870**6,882
Nahant78******87******334****235****2,703
Newbury58******235******429****888****5,290
North Andover705**774**1,758**2,25923,490
Rockport287****155******891**772**5,009
Rowley299******38******300******520**5,000
Salisbury518****353****1,3561,200**5,556
Saugus928**1,333**2,5263,02119,990
Swampscott533****350****785**1,30511,436
Topsfield18******71******304******410****5,572
Wenham35******25******313******463**2,796
West Newbury178******80******48******435**3,802
Middlesex County, MA62,55062,941147,212158,4241,095,338
Lake County, IL26,18832,06392,27194,653441,933
Westchester County, NY40,79749,032112,984105,811643,366
Massachusetts341,952385,594823,339833,8164,167,646
United States20,276,20425,374,14156,873,32551,463,656159,061,237

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




People by Income to Poverty Level, 2008-12
Under 50%50% to 99%100% to 199%200% to 299%300% or Higher
Essex County, MA4%7%13%13%62%
Amesbury2%****3%**8%12%75%
Beverly3%**6%9%13%69%
Gloucester3%**5%**14%15%63%
Haverhill5%7%14%17%57%
Lawrence11%18%28%17%26%
Lynn9%12%22%16%41%
Methuen4%5%14%15%62%
Newburyport3%****4%**7%**7%**79%
Peabody2%**4%12%16%67%
Salem6%8%17%16%53%
Andover1%**3%**6%6%84%
Boxford0%******2%******2%******4%****92%
Danvers3%**2%**6%16%73%
Essex2%******1%******12%****8%****77%
Georgetown1%******1%******3%******10%**85%
Groveland1%******2%******8%****11%**78%
Hamilton5%******1%******7%****11%**77%
Ipswich2%****3%****10%**12%74%
Lynnfield1%******1%******7%**11%**80%
Manchester1%******4%******7%******9%**79%
Marblehead2%****3%****5%**6%84%
Merrimac1%******2%******11%**13%**73%
Middleton2%******1%******9%****16%**71%
Nahant1%******1%******10%****13%**76%
Newbury2%******4%******5%****12%**78%
North Andover1%****3%**6%**9%81%
Rockport2%******2%******12%**15%**69%
Rowley1%******8%******7%****12%****72%
Salisbury2%******3%****13%**12%**70%
Saugus3%**3%**11%12%72%
Swampscott3%******2%******7%**5%**83%
Topsfield2%******5%******4%******3%******86%
Wenham3%******2%******4%******5%****86%
West Newbury5%******2%******4%******15%**74%
Middlesex County, MA4%4%11%12%70%
Lake County, IL4%5%14%14%64%
Westchester County, NY4%5%12%11%67%
Massachusetts5%6%13%13%62%
United States7%8%19%17%50%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of People by Income to Poverty Level, 2008-12
Under 50%50% to 99%100% to 199%200% to 299%300% or Higher
Essex County, MA32,40447,64598,17797,036453,729
Amesbury314****447**1,2811,91612,115
Beverly1,118**2,0513,4754,68525,350
Gloucester1,000**1,376**3,9614,19418,149
Haverhill3,1024,4838,3339,93533,952
Lawrence8,04413,55521,48912,92319,418
Lynn7,82310,88919,96414,01137,098
Methuen1,7232,5316,5287,08728,998
Newburyport457****606**1,250**1,218**13,666
Peabody975**1,8645,9178,23933,771
Salem2,3693,0496,8176,46221,226
Andover485**896**1,8661,88427,518
Boxford12******195******147******309****7,327
Danvers793**597**1,6284,05619,021
Essex59******39******410****292****2,720
Georgetown68******65******248******811**6,971
Groveland46******128******537****724**5,095
Hamilton345******42******526****842**5,755
Ipswich237****348****1,313**1,5859,715
Lynnfield106******103******844**1,247**9,327
Manchester63******197******349******482**4,042
Marblehead459****677****921**1,12416,563
Merrimac77******152******671**811**4,633
Middleton186******105******681****1,168**5,344
Nahant45******23******326****431**2,563
Newbury146******244******320****785**5,162
North Andover289****701**1,738**2,33121,744
Rockport142******162******807**1,075**4,763
Rowley77******448******406****694****4,142
Salisbury149******252****1,101**966**5,763
Saugus801**761**2,8193,07019,056
Swampscott455******211******958**662**11,364
Topsfield130******283******264******189******5,148
Wenham98******65******130******190****3,088
West Newbury211******100******152******638**3,162
Middlesex County, MA52,12263,186154,524168,4831,017,403
Lake County, IL25,64333,56993,28992,324438,692
Westchester County, NY39,00247,035115,277102,473624,002
Massachusetts316,558381,728834,411851,7783,948,903
United States19,671,87925,180,64856,280,53950,491,618149,708,726

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Decreasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Increasing
Crimes Against Property Increasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Increasing
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Maintaining
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Bullying Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Maintaining
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Decreasing
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining