Education
High School Cohort Graduation Rate


High School Cohort Graduation Rate

What does this measure?

The number of students graduating after four years of high school, expressed as a percentage of their cohort. A cohort is a class of ninth-graders beginning high school in the same academic year.

Why is this important?

High school graduation is the culmination of a successful K-12 education and the gateway to college or employment. Students who do not graduate face the prospect of unemployment or low-paying jobs.

How is our county doing?

About 87% of the 2016 cohort graduated in Essex County in 2019, about the same rate as the state. This was a 10 percentage-point increase from 2006 for the county and a gain of 8 points for the state. Thirteen districts in the county had graduation rates of 95% or higher and one district reported graduating 99% of students - Georgetown.

The lowest graduation rates were in the high-poverty districts of Lawrence (71%) and Lynn (75%). Lawrence, however, had the largest gain since 2006, with a 30-point increase. There were also large increases at Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical (up 24 points to 96%), Haverhill School District (up 15 points to 81%), Beverly School District (up 13 points to 91%) and Salem School District (up 12 points to 81%).

How do we compare to similar counties?

Essex County's rate was lower than Westchester, NY (90%) and Middlesex, MA, which had a rate at 92% in 2019, a 8 percentage-point increase since 2009. No data was immediately available for Lake, IL.

Notes about the data

Students are included in the cohort based on the year they entered Grade 9. Students are transferred in or out of cohorts if they transfer schools. Students who earn a GED or Certificate of Attainment are not counted as graduates. Students are considered economically disadvantaged if their family participates in one or more of the following state-administered programs: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); the Transitional Assistance for Families with Dependent Children (TAFDC); the Department of Children and Families' (DCF) foster care program; or MassHealth (Medicaid).

High School Cohort Graduation Rate
20062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Essex County, MA77%79%78%79%80%82%84%84%86%87%87%87%86%87%
Middlesex County, MA88%88%89%88%87%88%89%89%90%91%92%92%91%92%
Westchester County, NY82%85%86%87%85%87%88%89%90%88%90%
Massachusetts80%81%81%82%82%83%85%85%86%87%88%88%88%88%
School Districts in Essex
Amesbury81%85%85%85%82%83%84%87%89%89%91%88%83%88%
Amesbury Academy Charter Public50%50%44%64%71%65%55%76%50%79%
Andover95%95%95%95%95%95%96%95%95%95%94%96%94%97%
Beverly78%83%86%81%86%86%81%89%91%92%90%88%88%91%
Danvers87%85%85%86%89%89%90%89%93%93%94%94%92%91%
Essex Agricultural Technical89%95%93%90%94%97%97%97%99%99%98%97%99%97%
Georgetown95%93%91%97%95%90%92%96%94%97%96%96%96%99%
Gloucester79%85%85%82%87%86%86%83%90%92%87%89%86%86%
Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical71%76%76%75%77%82%87%89%93%94%96%93%94%96%
Hamilton-Wenham93%96%94%97%94%96%97%95%97%96%98%99%93%94%
Haverhill67%69%69%64%66%67%70%73%75%73%74%80%81%81%
Ipswich93%91%90%90%96%94%95%90%95%94%94%95%94%93%
KIPP Academy Lynn Charter89%88%88%88%90%
Lawrence41%41%36%48%47%52%61%61%67%72%71%72%72%71%
Lynn64%69%71%71%69%69%74%76%76%75%75%74%74%75%
Lynnfield92%91%94%96%97%97%98%99%95%99%99%97%97%97%
Manchester Essex Regional95%93%98%94%95%96%93%88%97%96%97%97%96%98%
Marblehead94%96%92%88%90%97%96%95%97%97%96%97%97%96%
Masconomet94%97%95%98%96%99%97%97%99%96%97%98%95%96%
Methuen79%76%77%77%79%81%79%82%86%87%87%86%89%88%
Newburyport84%90%90%93%90%94%94%94%96%96%96%94%95%93%
North Andover88%95%92%97%96%94%93%94%95%94%94%96%96%97%
North Shore Regional Vocational Technical85%94%94%98%97%97%97%98%99%
Peabody79%80%80%79%78%81%83%81%88%87%87%86%83%86%
Pentucket92%91%91%88%89%91%93%91%93%95%91%95%95%93%
Rockport88%87%88%87%88%90%91%89%96%92%94%94%96%98%
Salem69%73%68%75%79%81%78%86%85%89%83%82%82%81%
Salem Academy Charter100%93%87%96%88%89%94%87%92%86%96%
Saugus80%74%80%82%81%79%85%84%82%87%86%89%84%84%
Swampscott86%97%94%89%94%96%96%94%98%94%94%95%94%95%
Triton84%84%82%85%88%85%90%89%86%88%90%87%91%94%
Whittier Regional Vocational Technical85%94%96%95%96%98%98%98%99%97%99%99%97%98%

Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, New York State Education Department
Notes: Years denote 12th grade year for cohort.




Number of High School Graduates
20062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Essex County, MA7,0217,3527,1977,3247,3427,2437,2237,3907,6417,5977,7527,8497,7597,779
Middlesex County, MA14,11114,34314,85514,76414,64914,72214,68214,96315,06815,14115,54015,48815,65515,837
Westchester County, NY9,3889,4379,7289,5669,6989,7909,7689,9939,99710,14410,005
Massachusetts59,43061,41362,83562,78662,64961,97262,24063,35662,99863,27064,78964,67965,60966,059
School Districts in Essex
Amesbury173143154142146141130132144128159154133133
Amesbury Academy Charter Public858712111116311
Andover445436431403430434421457427418428457407437
Beverly269312300265312262269295302312324306317266
Danvers227231231213245235216241233266248254224231
Essex Agricultural Technical8298978187109109111107229230248320321
Georgetown911129098108911179510592998910799
Gloucester224312249255250259211221222217208181201200
Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical230285280229226211241268279294305307305348
Hamilton-Wenham153175178183165162178164174161161155131144
Haverhill357379422383348325332353363340370420372365
Ipswich129158149161144151163146162147126155115116
KIPP Academy Lynn Charter70688497103
Lawrence315330309440462473530614690653656676728653
Lynn757808769824767753810821824706861828919901
Lynnfield119128158150165174149162145150163152156164
Manchester Essex Regional9799929710110911210711311211210996100
Marblehead245234226213227252231206248234253273239257
Masconomet337330307364359335326303341317355330291264
Methuen406359422431419386369366399406425394440479
Newburyport185175187169161177160180156189173204189178
North Andover285313319317335296312299332365322315367392
North Shore Regional Vocational Technical88103991029710694115102
Peabody398425380413378407391387417414388388353324
Pentucket221213219200168209175181180196171179179148
Rockport6571718380736769698075786682
Salem260268256270276265230274258280226213216223
Salem Academy Charter714272521313241363747
Saugus195157158205178177160157148162165189131159
Swampscott164194213184203155179199195147158181156166
Triton233223204203219184185158175176165160167165
Whittier Regional Vocational Technical264277219232261294320271296291314334300314

Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, New York State Education Department
Notes: Years denote 12th grade year for cohort.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Increasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Increasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Decreasing
Crimes Against Property Decreasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Increasing
Unemployment Rate Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Decreasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Maintaining
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable