Financial Self-Sufficiency
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance


Households Receiving Temporary Assistance

What does this measure?

The number of households that received any public assistance or welfare payments in the past 12 months, expressed as a percentage of total households.

Why is this important?

This measure represents the number of households which rely upon government support to meet their basic needs.

How is our county doing?

In 2013-17, 3.5% of Essex County households received public assistance income. This was little changed from 2000, and similar to the state rate (2.8%) and the nation (2.6%). While the state rate also was flat since 2000, the national rate declined 0.8 percentage points. The cities of Lawrence (8.9%) and Lynn (5.9%) had the highest rates in Essex County in 2013-17.

How do we compare to similar counties?

Essex County's 2013-17 rate was higher than Lake, IL (2.0%), Westchester, NY (2.0%) and Middlesex, MA (1.8%). Westchester's rate declined 0.7 percentage points since 2000.

Notes about the data

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is a federally funded program administered at the state level, meaning that eligibility requirements vary from state to state. ACS does not ask specifically which program provides the income, although TANF is the primary source of public assistance funds. Families are eligible for TANF benefits for up to 60 months, although most receive assistance for shorter periods of time.

Households Receiving Temporary Assistance
20002008-122013-17
Essex County, MA3.1%2.9%3.5%
Amesbury1.5%2.3%
Beverly2.7%2.5%2.4%
Gloucester2.5%3.0%2.8%
Haverhill3.0%2.4%4.1%
Lawrence9.0%6.7%8.9%
Lynn6.3%4.8%5.9%
Methuen2.8%2.0%4.3%
Newburyport2.1%2.0%2.1%
Peabody1.5%2.2%3.6%
Salem2.9%3.3%3.6%
Andover1.3%2.2%1.4%
Boxford0.3%1.0%0.0%
Danvers0.9%1.7%1.2%
Essex1.2%0.4%0.8%
Georgetown0.2%0.7%0.3%
Groveland0.8%0.0%2.0%
Hamilton0.5%0.9%1.3%
Ipswich1.2%1.0%1.0%
Lynnfield0.0%1.9%0.9%
Manchester0.9%0.6%2.3%
Marblehead0.7%0.8%1.5%
Merrimac0.8%5.5%2.1%
Middleton1.8%0.4%5.5%
Nahant0.9%0.7%0.6%
Newbury1.2%1.0%0.0%
North Andover1.4%1.6%1.0%
Rockport1.3%4.4%2.9%
Rowley0.4%1.3%2.4%
Salisbury2.4%2.3%5.7%
Saugus1.4%3.2%2.0%
Swampscott1.3%2.1%1.5%
Topsfield0.4%0.5%2.1%
Wenham2.3%0.4%1.0%
West Newbury0.8%3.7%0.0%
Middlesex County, MA1.9%2.0%1.8%
Lake County, IL1.6%1.8%2.0%
Westchester County, NY2.7%1.9%2.0%
Massachusetts2.9%2.9%2.8%
United States3.4%2.7%2.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




Number of Households Receiving Temporary Assistance
20002008-122013-17
Essex County, MA8,4248,15310,200
Amesbury101159
Beverly431389387
Gloucester319359367
Haverhill693572982
Lawrence2,2041,7732,292
Lynn2,1261,6071,939
Methuen464349756
Newburyport156149165
Peabody274458775
Salem508584667
Andover151262176
Boxford8260
Danvers82180126
Essex16511
Georgetown6219
Groveland16046
Hamilton142335
Ipswich665456
Lynnfield07740
Manchester191148
Marblehead5961121
Merrimac1713356
Middleton4311166
Nahant141110
Newbury30260
North Andover132160115
Rockport4613693
Rowley73053
Salisbury7579206
Saugus141319203
Swampscott7211781
Topsfield81146
Wenham30514
West Newbury11540
Middlesex County, MA10,48611,78810,929
Lake County, IL3,3914,2184,816
Westchester County, NY9,2746,6376,806
Massachusetts70,18374,36572,498
United States3,629,7323,132,9213,041,626

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Decreasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Increasing
Crimes Against Property Increasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Increasing
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Decreasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Decreasing
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining