Economy And Workforce
Change in Average Salary by Sector, 2019


Change in Average Salary by Sector, 2019

What does this measure?

The overall percentage change in average salary since 2000.

Why is this important?

Salaries are a gauge of overall economic health and a measure of the degree to which employees are sharing in the prosperity of a community. They also indicate the vitality of a region and its ability to compete and attract workers.

How is our county doing?

Although there have been shifts in average salaries among employment sectors, the overall average salary in Essex County ($62,000) increased from 2000. This increase was less than the state, where average salary has increased by 15% and a 13% increase in the nation. Essex County's average salary simply kept pace with inflation.

The greatest increases in average salary were in the Financial Activities (43%), Natural Resources and Mining (38%) and Professional and Business Services (24%) sectors in Essex County, while the Information sector had the largest decline (-8%). Although Essex County, the state and nation had similar changes in many sectors, the state and nation both had increases in average salaries in Information (23% and 36%, respectively).

How do we compare to similar counties?

Lake, IL, with an increase of 20% in overall average salary since 2000, was the highest among the comparison counties, with Westchester, NY and Middlesex, MA trailing with increases of 10% and 15%, respectively. The greatest sector increase within each comparison county was Natural Resources and Mining in Middlesex, MA (62%), Manufacturing in Lake, IL (56%), and Financial Activities in Westchester, NY (44%) since 2000. The largest declines in average salary were in the Information sector in Westchester, NY (-13%) and Trade, Transportation and Utilities in Middlesex, NY (-6%).

Notes about the data

Data have been converted to 2019 dollars. Industries in which most of the workforce is full time (e.g., Manufacturing) will appear to pay significantly higher wages than ones that employ many part-timers (e.g., Retail or Leisure and Hospitality). 2020 data for this indicator are expected to be released in the third quarter of 2021.

Change in Average Salary by Sector, 2019
ConstructionEducational ServicesFinancial ActivitiesGovernmentHealth Care and Social AssistanceInformationLeisure and HospitalityManufacturingNatural Resources and MiningOther ServicesProfessional and Business ServicesTrade, Transportation, and UtilitiesTotal
Essex County, MA15%16%43%23%9%-8%10%19%38%2%24%-0%6%
Middlesex County, MA11%28%39%26%11%31%9%9%62%4%29%-6%15%
Lake County, IL4%35%11%19%1%-4%14%56%6%14%35%13%20%
Westchester County, NY10%1%44%24%16%-13%6%23%13%28%13%-1%10%
Massachusetts16%19%32%28%13%23%15%7%29%15%33%5%15%
United States18%11%26%18%12%36%12%10%34%20%25%7%13%

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Notes: N/A - Data not disclosed or not available








Change in Average Salary by Sector, 2019
ConstructionEducational ServicesFinancial ActivitiesGovernmentHealth Care and Social AssistanceInformationLeisure and HospitalityManufacturingNatural Resources and MiningOther ServicesProfessional and Business ServicesTrade, Transportation, and UtilitiesTotal
Essex County, MA15%16%43%23%9%-8%10%19%38%2%24%-0%6%
Middlesex County, MA11%28%39%26%11%31%9%9%62%4%29%-6%15%
Lake County, IL4%35%11%19%1%-4%14%56%6%14%35%13%20%
Westchester County, NY10%1%44%24%16%-13%6%23%13%28%13%-1%10%
Massachusetts16%19%32%28%13%23%15%7%29%15%33%5%15%
United States18%11%26%18%12%36%12%10%34%20%25%7%13%

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics
Notes: N/A - Data not disclosed or not available








INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Increasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Increasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Decreasing
Crimes Against Property Decreasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Increasing
Unemployment Rate Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Decreasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Maintaining
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable