Demographics
Change in Total Population


Change in Total Population

What does this measure?

The percent change in number of residents of a geographic area since 2000.

Why is this important?

Population measures provide insight on the changing size and face of communities. Changes in total population are a measure of the overall health of a community and its ability to attract and retain residents.

How is our county doing?

Since 2000, the overall population in Essex County has grown over 9%, similar to the state increase but much lower than the nation's increase of 17%. From 2000 to 2010, the county's population increased from about 723,000 to 743,000, and since 2010, growth has picked up, with the total population increasing to 789,000 in 2019.

The largest localities in Essex County are the cities of Lynn and Lawrence, with 94,000 and 80,000 residents in 2019, respectively. Other population centers are Haverhill (64,000), Peabody (53,000) and Methuen (51,000). The fastest growing places since 2000 were Middleton (which grew 31%), Salisbury (22%) and Georgetown (19%). The population fell in three places: Rockport (-6%), Nahant (-3%), and Hamilton (-3%).

How do we compare to similar counties?

Westchester, NY (5%) was the only county with a lesser overall rate of growth than Essex County since 2000 while Lake, IL was similar. Middlesex, MA had a rate of 10%. Lake's total population was lower than Essex County's at 697,000, while Westchester and Middlesex are larger at 968,000 and 1.6 million, respectively.

Notes about the data

Rate is percentage change from 2000. Data for this indicator are released annually in July.

Change in Total Population
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Essex County, MAN/A0.9%1.2%1.1%0.9%0.7%0.8%1.0%1.5%2.2%2.7%3.9%4.7%5.7%6.7%7.4%7.8%8.4%8.9%9.1%
AmesburyN/A0.5%0.4%-0.1%-0.7%-1.2%-1.5%-1.7%-1.6%-1.3%-1.1%-0.2%0.5%1.7%4.6%5.0%5.3%6.1%6.4%6.5%
BeverlyN/A0.4%0.4%-0.1%-0.6%-1.1%-1.3%-1.5%-1.3%-1.0%-0.7%0.8%1.5%2.7%3.6%4.3%4.6%5.4%6.1%6.0%
GloucesterN/A-0.0%-0.5%-1.4%-2.4%-3.2%-3.9%-4.5%-4.8%-4.9%-4.9%-4.0%-3.3%-2.5%-1.8%-1.3%-1.0%-0.4%0.1%0.5%
HaverhillN/A1.0%1.3%1.3%1.1%1.0%1.1%1.4%1.9%2.6%3.2%4.3%4.9%5.6%6.1%6.6%7.2%7.9%8.4%8.5%
LawrenceN/A1.4%2.0%2.2%2.3%2.5%2.9%3.3%4.2%5.2%6.0%7.2%8.1%8.8%9.9%10.6%10.8%11.0%11.2%11.1%
LynnN/A0.8%0.9%0.7%0.3%0.1%0.0%0.1%0.5%1.0%1.5%1.9%2.7%3.4%4.0%4.5%4.7%5.5%6.0%5.9%
MethuenN/A1.6%2.4%2.8%3.1%3.4%4.0%4.7%5.7%6.9%8.1%9.1%9.9%11.2%12.7%13.7%14.0%14.9%15.4%15.8%
NewburyportN/A0.7%0.9%0.6%0.2%-0.1%-0.1%-0.1%0.2%0.7%1.1%1.8%2.1%2.9%3.7%3.8%4.2%4.9%5.7%6.2%
PeabodyN/A1.4%2.0%2.2%2.3%2.5%2.9%3.4%4.2%5.2%6.1%6.9%7.4%8.1%8.6%8.9%9.2%9.6%9.9%9.8%
SalemN/A0.9%1.1%0.9%0.7%0.5%0.5%0.7%1.1%1.8%2.2%3.9%4.7%5.5%6.3%6.9%6.9%7.1%7.0%6.9%
AndoverN/A1.3%1.9%2.1%2.1%2.3%2.6%3.1%3.9%4.9%5.2%7.4%8.4%10.3%11.4%12.3%12.8%13.8%15.5%15.7%
BoxfordN/A0.7%0.8%0.5%0.1%-0.2%-0.3%-0.4%-0.1%0.4%0.7%1.6%2.2%3.0%3.6%4.1%4.3%5.0%5.5%5.5%
DanversN/A1.2%1.8%1.9%2.0%2.1%2.4%2.8%3.6%4.5%5.3%7.0%7.9%8.4%10.3%10.6%9.3%9.4%9.5%9.5%
EssexN/A1.5%2.3%2.6%2.7%3.0%3.5%4.1%5.1%6.1%7.1%8.9%9.7%10.6%11.5%12.3%13.5%14.4%15.4%16.1%
GeorgetownN/A2.0%3.1%3.7%4.3%4.9%5.8%6.7%8.0%9.5%11.0%12.6%13.7%14.9%15.5%16.4%17.0%17.8%18.5%18.6%
GrovelandN/A1.5%2.2%2.6%2.7%3.0%3.5%4.1%5.0%6.1%6.9%7.9%8.7%9.5%10.2%11.0%11.5%12.3%13.1%13.5%
HamiltonN/A-0.3%-1.0%-2.0%-3.1%-4.1%-4.9%-5.7%-6.1%-6.4%-6.6%-5.7%-5.3%-4.5%-4.1%-3.8%-3.5%-3.2%-3.0%-3.1%
IpswichN/A0.8%0.9%0.7%0.3%0.1%0.1%0.1%0.5%1.0%1.5%3.6%4.4%5.1%5.6%6.4%6.8%7.7%8.2%8.4%
LynnfieldN/A0.9%1.1%0.9%0.6%0.4%0.4%0.4%0.9%1.5%2.0%3.1%4.0%9.1%11.4%12.2%12.9%13.8%14.3%14.3%
ManchesterN/A0.4%0.3%-0.2%-0.9%-1.5%-1.8%-2.1%-2.0%-1.8%-1.6%-0.4%0.2%1.1%1.8%2.2%2.6%3.3%3.7%4.1%
MarbleheadN/A0.3%0.0%-0.6%-1.4%-2.1%-2.5%-2.9%-3.0%-2.9%-2.7%-1.9%-1.2%-0.5%-0.0%0.3%0.5%0.9%1.0%0.9%
MerrimacN/A1.1%1.4%1.4%1.2%1.2%1.3%1.6%2.2%2.9%3.5%4.9%5.9%7.6%9.2%10.5%11.7%13.0%13.7%13.7%
MiddletonN/A2.3%3.9%5.2%6.5%7.6%9.1%10.7%12.5%14.6%16.1%17.8%19.6%21.9%24.4%23.9%25.8%27.2%29.9%30.6%
NahantN/A-0.2%-0.8%-1.7%-2.9%-3.9%-4.7%-5.4%-5.7%-6.0%-6.1%-5.5%-5.1%-4.4%-4.1%-3.8%-3.9%-3.5%-3.2%-3.3%
NewburyN/A0.6%0.5%0.1%-0.5%-0.9%-1.1%-1.3%-1.1%-0.8%-0.4%0.7%1.3%2.4%3.4%4.1%4.8%5.7%6.4%6.7%
North AndoverN/A1.1%1.6%1.7%1.8%1.9%2.2%2.5%3.3%4.2%4.9%6.5%7.5%8.4%9.8%11.0%14.0%14.7%15.4%15.4%
RockportN/A-0.7%-1.8%-3.2%-4.7%-6.1%-7.3%-8.5%-9.3%-10.0%-10.5%-9.7%-9.1%-8.5%-8.0%-7.7%-7.2%-6.8%-6.5%-6.2%
RowleyN/A1.4%2.1%2.3%2.4%2.7%3.1%3.6%4.5%5.5%6.3%7.4%8.4%9.6%12.6%14.3%14.4%15.5%16.8%17.6%
SalisburyN/A1.3%1.9%2.1%2.2%2.3%2.7%3.2%4.0%4.9%5.8%7.1%8.0%9.1%10.6%17.5%18.4%19.9%20.9%21.7%
SaugusN/A0.9%1.1%0.9%0.5%0.3%0.3%0.4%0.8%1.4%1.9%3.5%4.8%6.5%7.1%7.5%7.6%8.0%8.1%8.6%
SwampscottN/A0.1%-0.4%-1.1%-2.1%-2.9%-3.5%-4.0%-4.2%-4.3%-4.2%-3.6%-3.1%-2.5%-2.1%1.2%3.5%4.0%5.6%6.2%
TopsfieldN/A0.5%0.4%-0.1%-0.7%-1.1%-1.4%-1.6%-1.5%-1.2%-0.9%0.7%2.4%4.1%5.9%6.3%6.4%6.9%7.5%8.1%
WenhamN/A1.0%1.5%1.8%2.4%2.5%3.0%3.8%4.6%5.9%6.4%8.5%10.0%12.2%12.4%13.0%13.5%14.5%15.0%15.2%
West NewburyN/A0.9%1.2%1.0%0.7%0.6%0.7%0.8%1.3%1.8%2.4%4.1%5.6%7.2%8.6%9.7%11.3%12.1%13.1%14.0%
Middlesex County, MAN/A0.5%0.2%-0.1%-0.4%-0.7%-0.6%-0.1%0.8%2.0%2.6%4.1%5.3%6.5%7.5%8.2%8.8%9.5%9.8%10.0%
Lake County, ILN/A2.2%3.6%3.7%5.1%6.2%7.0%7.5%8.2%8.7%9.1%8.8%8.9%9.2%9.2%9.3%9.2%9.0%8.5%8.0%
Westchester County, NYN/A0.9%1.3%1.3%1.3%1.1%0.8%1.1%1.5%2.2%2.8%3.5%3.9%4.4%4.7%4.9%5.1%5.0%4.8%4.8%
MassachusettsN/A0.8%1.1%1.2%1.0%0.8%1.0%1.3%1.9%2.6%3.1%4.2%4.9%5.7%6.5%7.0%7.5%8.0%8.4%8.6%
United StatesN/A1.3%2.2%3.1%4.0%5.0%6.0%7.0%8.1%9.0%9.7%10.7%11.5%12.3%13.1%13.9%14.8%15.5%16.1%16.6%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percentage change since 2000.




Total Population
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
Essex County, MA723,496730,206732,232731,544729,783728,877729,455730,664734,361739,086743,082751,507757,338764,563771,653776,865779,847784,453788,183789,034
Amesbury16,45916,53416,51716,44016,33816,25716,20816,17416,19516,23816,28616,42916,53516,73817,22417,28717,32717,45917,51017,532
Beverly39,78739,96239,93139,75639,55039,36239,26439,21039,27139,40739,50440,09140,39040,84641,22041,50641,62541,93642,19542,174
Gloucester30,28230,27830,13029,87229,56429,30129,09728,91828,83928,79728,78929,05629,27329,52129,73429,89729,98230,16230,32730,430
Haverhill58,97959,56359,75959,73259,61759,57359,64959,77760,10860,52360,87861,50561,86062,27262,60562,86163,20063,66463,92664,014
Lawrence72,04573,02473,46773,63473,67973,82374,11174,45875,06975,77576,34377,26077,91078,38279,18279,69979,81880,00380,11280,028
Lynn89,02989,72989,86989,67489,33089,11389,07189,10089,44589,89990,32490,70991,43792,02592,56593,05793,18593,91594,33694,299
Methuen43,80144,50144,85445,03745,14245,31045,56545,85646,31046,82347,32847,79848,12948,70649,38449,79749,95350,30850,56550,706
Newburyport17,21417,34117,36217,31917,25117,20417,19117,19417,25517,34017,41017,52017,57717,71417,84717,87317,92918,06518,19318,289
Peabody48,31948,97849,27849,39449,42749,52549,72149,95650,36950,84451,26651,63251,90452,22452,46352,62952,75952,94853,09253,070
Salem40,43140,77740,86940,81040,70040,63040,64540,70040,88641,13941,31241,99542,31642,66842,98843,23943,23343,29943,27243,226
Andover31,42931,83932,01832,07632,09132,14032,25632,40232,65432,96033,07133,75134,07234,66035,01435,29235,45135,77536,28536,356
Boxford7,9007,9587,9667,9437,9067,8827,8737,8707,8957,9307,9598,0288,0748,1348,1828,2208,2378,2948,3368,332
Danvers25,16125,46925,60425,64425,65425,68425,76925,87826,07126,30526,50026,92927,15427,27827,75427,81827,49327,51727,54527,549
Essex3,2723,3223,3463,3573,3613,3713,3883,4073,4383,4733,5043,5643,5913,6193,6473,6743,7143,7443,7763,799
Georgetown7,3927,5377,6187,6697,7077,7557,8197,8887,9858,0938,2038,3238,4058,4938,5418,6018,6468,7058,7598,768
Groveland6,0346,1256,1696,1896,1976,2166,2466,2806,3386,4036,4506,5096,5586,6056,6476,6966,7256,7776,8276,849
Hamilton8,3098,2828,2278,1448,0547,9687,9007,8387,8037,7777,7647,8377,8727,9357,9727,9948,0168,0418,0618,051
Ipswich12,98413,08613,10613,07813,02912,99712,99112,99613,04613,11313,17613,45413,54913,64213,71013,80913,86113,99014,05214,074
Lynnfield11,37011,47011,49411,47411,43511,41211,41311,42111,47211,53511,59311,72611,82012,40612,66712,76112,83212,93413,00112,999
Manchester5,2185,2415,2335,2065,1695,1415,1225,1085,1135,1235,1365,1965,2305,2735,3115,3355,3545,3915,4125,434
Marblehead20,36320,41920,36620,23620,07119,93919,84519,76719,76019,77619,80819,98020,11720,25320,35820,42220,45520,54220,57320,555
Merrimac6,1216,1866,2096,2086,1966,1946,2036,2176,2546,2986,3386,4186,4806,5896,6866,7666,8376,9156,9606,960
Middleton7,7437,9228,0448,1428,2458,3338,4458,5698,7098,8778,9879,1249,2649,4429,6319,5909,7429,84910,06210,110
Nahant3,6323,6263,6043,5693,5273,4923,4633,4373,4243,4153,4103,4323,4463,4733,4823,4953,4913,5043,5173,513
Newbury6,6986,7356,7326,7056,6666,6376,6216,6106,6236,6446,6716,7426,7886,8616,9236,9727,0187,0817,1267,148
North Andover27,03527,34127,47427,50827,51527,53627,61727,72427,91928,15828,35828,79129,05629,30129,69530,01730,82430,99831,20731,188
Rockport7,7667,7117,6307,5217,4007,2897,1967,1067,0426,9876,9527,0117,0597,1047,1477,1687,2067,2417,2627,282
Rowley5,5055,5835,6185,6335,6385,6525,6755,7035,7525,8085,8535,9115,9706,0336,1966,2916,2966,3596,4326,473
Salisbury7,8337,9387,9858,0018,0028,0158,0448,0808,1458,2198,2908,3898,4618,5428,6669,2069,2769,3909,4699,534
Saugus26,12726,35026,40326,35726,26726,21426,21326,23426,34726,49326,63427,04727,38427,82327,97328,07828,12028,22228,24028,361
Swampscott14,39914,40814,34814,23514,09913,98313,89613,82113,79313,78313,79013,88513,95814,03314,09414,57214,90314,98015,19915,298
Topsfield6,1416,1706,1656,1376,0996,0716,0546,0426,0516,0686,0866,1866,2906,3956,5036,5296,5376,5646,6046,641
Wenham4,5834,6274,6534,6664,6914,6984,7224,7564,7934,8524,8754,9735,0435,1405,1525,1775,2005,2475,2725,278
West Newbury4,1354,1744,1844,1784,1664,1604,1624,1674,1874,2114,2344,3064,3664,4334,4904,5374,6024,6344,6784,714
Middlesex County, MA1,465,2441,473,0211,468,4881,464,0831,459,2321,454,8681,456,5281,463,1061,477,0491,494,7641,503,1331,524,8481,542,8671,560,2041,574,9931,585,4321,594,6641,603,9431,608,4701,611,699
Lake County, IL644,682658,986668,022668,760677,735684,419689,891692,995697,369701,042703,400701,642702,083704,207704,294704,611704,158702,475699,587696,535
Westchester County, NY923,621931,577935,219935,799935,457933,401931,426933,414937,449944,201949,218956,262959,585964,567967,044968,773970,267969,689968,213967,506
Massachusetts6,349,3646,397,6346,417,2066,422,5656,412,2816,403,2906,410,0846,431,5596,468,9676,517,6136,547,7856,613,5836,663,0056,713,3156,762,5966,794,2286,823,6086,859,7896,882,6356,892,503
United States281,424,600284,968,955287,625,193290,107,933292,805,298295,516,599298,379,912301,231,207304,093,966306,771,529308,758,105311,556,874313,830,990315,993,715318,301,008320,635,163322,941,311324,985,539326,687,501328,239,523

Source: U.S. Census Bureau




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Increasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Increasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Decreasing
Crimes Against Property Decreasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Increasing
Unemployment Rate Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Decreasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Maintaining
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable