Demographics
Change in Total Population


Change in Total Population

What does this measure?

The percent change in number of residents of a geographic area since 2000.

Why is this important?

Population measures provide insight on the changing size and face of communities. Changes in total population are a measure of the overall health of a community and its ability to attract and retain residents.

How is our county doing?

Since 2000, the overall population in Essex County has grown over 8.5%, similar to the state increase of 8%, and much lower than the nation's increase of 16%. From 2000 to 2010, the county's population increased from about 723,500 to 743,200, and since 2010, growth has picked up, with the total population increasing to 785,200 in 2017.

The largest localities in Essex County are the cities of Lynn and Lawrence, with 94,000 and 80,000 residents in 2017, respectively. Other population centers are Haverhill (64,000), Peabody (53,000) and Methuen (50,000). The fastest growing places since 2000 were Middletown (which grew 27%), Salisbury (20%) and Georgetown (17%). The population fell in four places: Rockport (-6.7%), Nahant (-3.6%), Hamilton (-3.1%) and Gloucester (-0.4%).

How do we compare to similar counties?

Westchester, NY (6.1%) was the only county with a lesser overall rate of growth than Essex County since 2000 as Middlesex, MA and Lake, IL had rates around 9%. Lake's total population was a bit lower than Essex County's at 704,000, while Westchester and Middlesex are larger at 980,000 and 1.6 million, respectively.

Notes about the data

Rate is percentage change from 2000. Data for this indicator are released annually in July.

Change in Total Population
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Essex County, MAN/A0.9%1.2%1.1%0.9%0.7%0.8%1.0%1.5%2.2%2.7%3.9%4.7%5.7%6.6%7.5%7.9%8.5%
AmesburyN/A0.5%0.4%-0.1%-0.7%-1.2%-1.5%-1.7%-1.6%-1.3%-1.1%-0.2%0.4%1.7%4.6%5.1%5.4%6.1%
BeverlyN/A0.4%0.4%-0.1%-0.6%-1.1%-1.3%-1.5%-1.3%-1.0%-0.7%0.8%1.5%2.7%3.6%4.4%4.7%5.1%
GloucesterN/A-0.0%-0.5%-1.4%-2.4%-3.2%-3.9%-4.5%-4.8%-4.9%-4.9%-4.1%-3.4%-2.5%-1.8%-1.2%-0.9%-0.4%
HaverhillN/A1.0%1.3%1.3%1.1%1.0%1.1%1.4%1.9%2.6%3.2%4.3%4.9%5.6%6.1%6.6%7.2%7.9%
LawrenceN/A1.4%2.0%2.2%2.3%2.5%2.9%3.3%4.2%5.2%6.0%7.3%8.2%8.8%9.9%10.7%10.9%11.3%
LynnN/A0.8%0.9%0.7%0.3%0.1%0.0%0.1%0.5%1.0%1.5%1.9%2.7%3.4%4.0%4.8%4.9%5.7%
MethuenN/A1.6%2.4%2.8%3.1%3.4%4.0%4.7%5.7%6.9%7.9%8.9%9.7%11.0%12.5%13.6%14.0%14.7%
NewburyportN/A0.7%0.9%0.6%0.2%-0.1%-0.1%-0.1%0.2%0.7%1.2%1.8%2.1%2.9%3.7%3.9%4.3%4.9%
PeabodyN/A1.4%2.0%2.2%2.3%2.5%2.9%3.4%4.2%5.2%6.1%6.8%7.4%8.1%8.5%9.0%9.3%9.7%
SalemN/A0.9%1.1%0.9%0.7%0.5%0.5%0.7%1.1%1.8%2.2%3.9%4.7%5.6%6.4%7.1%7.1%7.4%
AndoverN/A1.3%1.9%2.1%2.1%2.3%2.6%3.1%3.9%4.9%5.7%7.8%8.8%10.7%11.8%12.8%13.3%14.3%
BoxfordN/A0.7%0.8%0.5%0.1%-0.2%-0.3%-0.4%-0.1%0.4%0.9%1.8%2.3%3.1%3.7%4.3%4.5%5.2%
DanversN/A1.2%1.8%1.9%2.0%2.1%2.4%2.8%3.6%4.5%5.3%6.9%7.7%8.2%9.9%10.3%9.0%9.5%
EssexN/A1.5%2.3%2.6%2.7%3.0%3.5%4.1%5.1%6.1%7.1%8.9%9.6%10.6%11.4%12.3%13.6%14.5%
GeorgetownN/A2.0%3.1%3.7%4.3%4.9%5.8%6.7%8.0%9.5%10.7%12.3%13.4%14.6%15.2%16.1%16.8%17.5%
GrovelandN/A1.5%2.2%2.6%2.7%3.0%3.5%4.1%5.0%6.1%7.0%8.0%8.8%9.6%10.3%11.2%11.7%12.5%
HamiltonN/A-0.3%-1.0%-2.0%-3.1%-4.1%-4.9%-5.7%-6.1%-6.4%-6.6%-5.7%-5.3%-4.5%-4.1%-3.7%-3.5%-3.1%
IpswichN/A0.8%0.9%0.7%0.3%0.1%0.1%0.1%0.5%1.0%1.5%3.6%4.3%5.1%5.6%6.4%6.8%7.8%
LynnfieldN/A0.9%1.1%0.9%0.6%0.4%0.4%0.4%0.9%1.5%2.0%3.1%3.9%9.1%11.4%12.3%13.0%13.8%
ManchesterN/A0.4%0.3%-0.2%-0.9%-1.5%-1.8%-2.1%-2.0%-1.8%-1.6%-0.4%0.2%1.0%1.7%2.3%2.7%3.4%
MarbleheadN/A0.3%0.0%-0.6%-1.4%-2.1%-2.5%-2.9%-3.0%-2.9%-2.7%-1.9%-1.2%-0.6%-0.0%0.3%0.5%0.9%
MerrimacN/A1.1%1.4%1.4%1.2%1.2%1.3%1.6%2.2%2.9%3.5%4.8%5.8%7.6%9.2%10.6%11.7%12.9%
MiddletonN/A2.3%3.9%5.2%6.5%7.6%9.1%10.7%12.5%14.6%16.1%17.8%19.6%22.0%24.4%23.9%25.9%27.4%
NahantN/A-0.2%-0.8%-1.7%-2.9%-3.9%-4.7%-5.4%-5.7%-6.0%-6.1%-5.5%-5.1%-4.4%-4.2%-3.7%-3.8%-3.6%
NewburyN/A0.6%0.5%0.1%-0.5%-0.9%-1.1%-1.3%-1.1%-0.8%-0.5%0.6%1.2%2.4%3.3%4.1%4.8%5.7%
North AndoverN/A1.1%1.6%1.7%1.8%1.9%2.2%2.5%3.3%4.2%4.9%6.5%7.4%8.4%9.8%11.1%14.1%14.7%
RockportN/A-0.7%-1.8%-3.2%-4.7%-6.1%-7.3%-8.5%-9.3%-10.0%-10.5%-9.7%-9.1%-8.5%-8.0%-7.6%-7.1%-6.7%
RowleyN/A1.4%2.1%2.3%2.4%2.7%3.1%3.6%4.5%5.5%6.4%7.4%8.5%9.6%12.6%14.4%14.5%14.9%
SalisburyN/A1.3%1.9%2.1%2.2%2.3%2.7%3.2%4.0%4.9%5.8%7.1%8.0%9.0%10.6%17.6%18.5%20.0%
SaugusN/A0.9%1.1%0.9%0.5%0.3%0.3%0.4%0.8%1.4%1.9%3.5%4.7%6.4%7.0%7.5%7.6%8.1%
SwampscottN/A0.1%-0.4%-1.1%-2.1%-2.9%-3.5%-4.0%-4.2%-4.3%-4.3%-3.6%-3.1%-2.6%-2.2%1.2%3.6%5.4%
TopsfieldN/A0.5%0.4%-0.1%-0.7%-1.1%-1.4%-1.6%-1.5%-1.2%-1.0%0.6%2.3%4.0%5.7%6.2%6.4%6.8%
WenhamN/A1.0%1.5%1.8%2.4%2.5%3.0%3.8%4.6%5.9%6.4%8.5%10.0%12.1%12.4%13.0%13.5%14.5%
West NewburyN/A0.9%1.2%1.0%0.7%0.6%0.7%0.8%1.3%1.8%2.4%4.2%5.6%7.2%8.5%9.8%11.3%12.1%
Middlesex County, MAN/A0.5%0.2%-0.1%-0.4%-0.7%-0.6%-0.1%0.8%2.0%2.6%4.0%5.2%6.4%7.4%8.2%8.8%9.4%
Lake County, ILN/A2.2%3.6%3.7%5.1%6.2%7.0%7.5%8.2%8.7%9.1%8.8%8.9%9.3%9.3%9.3%9.3%9.1%
Westchester County, NYN/A0.9%1.3%1.3%1.3%1.1%0.8%1.1%1.5%2.2%2.8%3.7%4.2%4.9%5.3%5.7%6.0%6.1%
MassachusettsN/A0.8%1.1%1.2%1.0%0.8%1.0%1.3%1.9%2.6%3.1%4.1%4.9%5.7%6.4%7.0%7.5%8.0%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Rate is percentage change since 2000.




Total Population
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Essex County, MA723,496730,206732,232731,544729,783728,877729,455730,664734,361739,086743,172751,490757,162764,557771,468777,438780,633785,205
Amesbury16,45916,53416,51716,44016,33816,25716,20816,17416,19516,23816,28316,42516,52716,73417,21717,29617,34117,457
Beverly39,78739,96239,93139,75639,55039,36239,26439,21039,27139,40739,50240,08640,37740,84541,21041,52941,65641,816
Gloucester30,28230,27830,13029,87229,56429,30129,09728,91828,83928,79728,78929,05329,26529,52129,72729,91330,00630,172
Haverhill58,97959,56359,75959,73259,61759,57359,64959,77760,10860,52360,87961,49961,84362,27062,58762,89663,25263,639
Lawrence72,04573,02473,46773,63473,67973,82374,11174,45875,06975,77576,38177,29177,92678,41679,20179,78479,92280,162
Lynn89,02989,72989,86989,67489,33089,11389,07189,10089,44589,89990,32990,70491,41592,02292,54793,26193,42094,063
Methuen43,80144,50144,85445,03745,14245,31045,56545,85646,31046,82347,25247,71748,03648,62649,29249,74549,91550,259
Newburyport17,21417,34117,36217,31917,25117,20417,19117,19417,25517,34017,41617,52417,57917,71817,85017,88617,94618,060
Peabody48,31948,97849,27849,39449,42749,52549,72149,95650,36950,84451,25151,61451,87852,21552,44752,65852,80452,987
Salem40,43140,77740,86940,81040,70040,63040,64540,70040,88641,13941,34042,01642,33142,69343,00443,29043,29043,415
Andover31,42931,83932,01832,07632,09132,14032,25632,40232,65432,96033,20833,88234,19734,79235,14135,44435,61335,937
Boxford7,9007,9587,9667,9437,9067,8827,8737,8707,8957,9307,9718,0398,0848,1468,1928,2368,2568,310
Danvers25,16125,46925,60425,64425,65425,68425,76925,87826,07126,30526,49326,89427,09927,21327,66427,74827,43427,558
Essex3,2723,3223,3463,3573,3613,3713,3883,4073,4383,4733,5043,5633,5873,6193,6463,6763,7173,748
Georgetown7,3927,5377,6187,6697,7077,7557,8197,8887,9858,0938,1838,3028,3828,4728,5198,5858,6328,688
Groveland6,0346,1256,1696,1896,1976,2166,2466,2806,3386,4036,4596,5186,5656,6146,6556,7096,7396,789
Hamilton8,3098,2828,2278,1448,0547,9687,9007,8387,8037,7777,7647,8367,8707,9357,9687,9988,0228,051
Ipswich12,98413,08613,10613,07813,02912,99712,99112,99613,04613,11313,17513,45213,54513,64013,70613,81413,87013,995
Lynnfield11,37011,47011,49411,47411,43511,41211,41311,42111,47211,53511,59511,72711,81912,40812,66612,77012,84612,942
Manchester5,2185,2415,2335,2065,1695,1415,1225,1085,1135,1235,1365,1965,2295,2725,3095,3385,3585,393
Marblehead20,36320,41920,36620,23620,07119,93919,84519,76719,76019,77619,80819,97820,11120,25120,35320,43220,47120,554
Merrimac6,1216,1866,2096,2086,1966,1946,2036,2176,2546,2986,3386,4176,4786,5896,6846,7676,8396,913
Middleton7,7437,9228,0448,1428,2458,3338,4458,5698,7098,8778,9879,1229,2609,4439,6299,5939,7509,861
Nahant3,6323,6263,6043,5693,5273,4923,4633,4373,4243,4153,4103,4323,4453,4733,4813,4973,4943,502
Newbury6,6986,7356,7326,7056,6666,6376,6216,6106,6236,6446,6666,7356,7816,8586,9166,9717,0207,079
North Andover27,03527,34127,47427,50827,51527,53627,61727,72427,91928,15828,35228,78229,04029,29429,68230,02630,84531,013
Rockport7,7667,7117,6307,5217,4007,2897,1967,1067,0426,9876,9527,0107,0577,1047,1477,1747,2127,246
Rowley5,5055,5835,6185,6335,6385,6525,6755,7035,7525,8085,8565,9145,9726,0366,1986,2986,3046,325
Salisbury7,8337,9387,9858,0018,0028,0158,0448,0808,1458,2198,2898,3888,4588,5418,6639,2129,2849,400
Saugus26,12726,35026,40326,35726,26726,21426,21326,23426,34726,49326,62827,03627,36627,81027,95128,07628,12128,251
Swampscott14,39914,40814,34814,23514,09913,98313,89613,82113,79313,78313,78713,88013,95114,02914,08514,57514,91115,177
Topsfield6,1416,1706,1656,1376,0996,0716,0546,0426,0516,0686,0796,1786,2826,3886,4946,5246,5366,560
Wenham4,5834,6274,6534,6664,6914,6984,7224,7564,7934,8524,8754,9735,0415,1395,1505,1775,2035,246
West Newbury4,1354,1744,1844,1784,1664,1604,1624,1674,1874,2114,2354,3074,3664,4314,4874,5404,6044,637
Middlesex County, MA1,465,2441,473,0211,468,4881,464,0831,459,2321,454,8681,456,5281,463,1061,477,0491,494,7641,503,0171,524,1911,541,4281,559,0271,573,0841,584,9141,594,3141,602,947
Lake County, IL644,682658,986668,022668,760677,735684,419689,891692,995697,369701,042703,395701,519702,159704,424704,558704,945704,935703,520
Westchester County, NY923,621931,577935,219935,799935,457933,401931,426933,414937,449944,201949,201957,693962,190968,910972,742976,103978,604980,244
Massachusetts6,349,3646,397,6346,417,2066,422,5656,412,2816,403,2906,410,0846,431,5596,468,9676,517,6136,547,8086,612,1786,659,6276,711,1386,757,9256,794,0026,823,7216,859,819

Source: U.S. Census Bureau




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY