Education
Bachelor's Degree or Higher, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17


Bachelor's Degree or Higher, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17

What does this measure?

The number of residents with a particular level of education in a region, expressed as a percentage of all residents 25 and older, broken down by race and ethnicity.

Why is this important?

An educated population makes a more attractive workforce and is better prepared to instruct the next generation of residents. High educational attainment represents a region's investment in human capital and preparation for long-term growth.

How is our county doing?

The share of Essex County adults in 2013-17 with a bachelor's degree or higher was highest among Asian residents (52%), followed by white residents (42%), African American residents (26%) and Hispanic residents (12%). These proportions were similar for African American residents in the state, but somewhat lower for all other racial and ethnic groups. Essex had higher shares of African American and white residents with least a bachelor's degree compared to the national level, at 21% and 32%, respectively.

All groups in Essex increased their rates of residents with a bachelor's degree or higher since 2000. Asian residents had the largest increase of 11 percentage points, while white and African American residents both increased by 9 points, and Hispanic residents by 3 points.

How do we compare to similar counties?

The comparison counties had similar racial and ethnic disparities in education levels, but varied in their extent. Essex County had lower rates of Asian and white adults with at least a bachelor's degree than all the comparison counties. The percentages of African American and Hispanic residents with bachelor's degrees in Essex was similar to Lake, IL and lower than Westchester, NY (31% and 23%, respectively) and Middlesex, MA (33% and 30%).

Notes about the data

Adults are people 25 and older. The multi-year figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined five years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with three asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval).

The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

Bachelor's Degree or Higher, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA16%35%23%26%
Amesbury29%******38%******26%85%******
Beverly13%******25%******21%******23%
Gloucester20%******43%******21%******25%
Haverhill21%******46%**29%30%
Lawrence19%******40%**23%25%
Lynn23%33%30%21%
Methuen16%**33%****29%29%
Newburyport27%******6%******11%******22%
Peabody26%******37%****18%****26%
Salem15%******35%**23%**25%
Andover5%****26%******22%******16%
Boxford11%******38%******25%
Danvers13%******54%******34%****29%
Essex45%******23%**
Georgetown9%******100%******14%******29%
Groveland53%******65%******33%37%******
Hamilton13%******17%******27%******19%
Ipswich40%******1%******27%******25%
Lynnfield11%******2%******35%******23%
Manchester100%******49%******19%**
Marblehead15%******19%******16%******19%
Merrimac100%******49%******25%
Middleton4%******19%******19%******25%
Nahant48%******53%******66%******22%**
Newbury100%******24%******26%100%******
North Andover6%******23%******28%******21%
Rockport16%******25%100%******100%******
Rowley100%******58%******30%100%******
Salisbury10%******41%******31%53%******
Saugus21%******44%******18%******27%
Swampscott19%******68%******20%******23%
Topsfield100%******7%******24%100%******
Wenham9%******10%******33%******18%**
West Newbury32%******29%******26%
Middlesex County, MA10%28%19%19%
Lake County, IL15%38%19%25%
Westchester County, NY13%30%22%19%
Massachusetts11%30%22%24%
United States19%33%24%29%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Adults are people 25 and older. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Adults with Bachelor's Degree or Higher, by Race/Ethnicity, 2013-17
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA2,7866,69119,352114,653
Amesbury38******72******3,05199******
Beverly40******60******146******6,451
Gloucester49******97******63******5,518
Haverhill122******607**2,06111,254
Lawrence234******1,164**8,1396,982
Lynn1,1482,6459,7123,904
Methuen225**499****2,1047,791
Newburyport58******6******21******2,832
Peabody130******379****445****9,317
Salem124******444**957**6,313
Andover151****134******163******3,119
Boxford21******39******1,351
Danvers51******111******253****5,560
Essex9******606**
Georgetown5******50******22******1,700
Groveland8******85******1,45319******
Hamilton30******6******8******918
Ipswich23******1******48******2,427
Lynnfield60******1******41******1,896
Manchester15******21******745**
Marblehead38******37******51******2,625
Merrimac22******41******1,200
Middleton3******34******109******1,570
Nahant10******19******21******612**
Newbury33******18******1,32944******
North Andover82******85******239******3,852
Rockport13******1,3774******11******
Rowley7******7******1,28912******
Salisbury6******57******1,97738******
Saugus184******212******160******5,236
Swampscott17******39******57******2,278
Topsfield87******4******1,0593******
Wenham5******1******18******455**
West Newbury10******7******798
Middlesex County, MA11,81114,27713,340170,558
Lake County, IL5,18310,74914,27892,053
Westchester County, NY5,30628,24030,96585,016
Massachusetts32,81494,23993,055917,614
United States2,257,9548,458,6017,627,65148,099,972

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Adults are people 25 and older. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Bachelor's Degree or Higher, by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA14%26%18%26%
Beverly16%17%32%27%
Gloucester15%23%31%27%
Haverhill15%30%22%30%
Lawrence18%16%17%20%
Lynn12%28%18%25%
Methuen19%19%18%26%
Newburyport49%27%41%27%
Peabody24%19%29%28%
Salem16%39%18%26%
Andover11%14%12%19%
Boxford11%44%24%
Danvers14%34%37%28%
Essex32%29%
Georgetown27%100%
Groveland34%100%
Hamilton11%22%16%26%
Ipswich9%28%36%
Lynnfield16%20%66%23%
Manchester100%22%
Marblehead6%49%27%21%
Merrimac29%100%100%
Middleton69%24%67%25%
Nahant23%100%100%26%
Newbury27%100%77%52%
North Andover4%28%31%23%
Rockport31%100%29%100%
Rowley29%28%
Salisbury67%25%28%100%
Saugus28%30%24%29%
Swampscott36%62%17%26%
Topsfield100%100%29%26%
Wenham27%
West Newbury100%29%23%100%
Middlesex County, MA11%28%19%22%
Lake County, IL17%34%15%27%
Westchester County, NY16%27%20%20%
Massachusetts12%28%19%25%
United States21%28%20%28%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Adults are people 25 and older. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




Number of Adults with Bachelor's Degree or Higher, by Race/Ethnicity, 2000
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
Essex County, MA1,4092,6046,967113,333
Beverly43461277,090
Gloucester1936745,601
Haverhill6918951410,832
Lawrence2202703,4664,612
Lynn3561,4371,35910,613
Methuen154613587,147
Newburyport188723,426
Peabody97452429,000
Salem1012533876,507
Andover14516303,745
Boxford7201,170
Danvers2142524,849
Essex6648
Georgetown1,2926
Groveland1,3426
Hamilton256131,352
Ipswich82,5668
Lynnfield129671,837
Manchester6801
Marblehead620133,026
Merrimac1,16578
Middleton381,22618847
Nahant1867705
Newbury1,22872715
North Andover3230693,903
Rockport12151,64115
Rowley8997
Salisbury2971,4797
Saugus5725335,414
Swampscott841122,567
Topsfield34991,072
Wenham655
West Newbury856276
Middlesex County, MA6,1998,1566,522194,777
Lake County, IL2,7897,7676,37590,851
Westchester County, NY4,44521,80116,39293,087
Massachusetts18,10153,58339,129924,797
United States1,363,9885,609,3493,630,03340,079,327

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Adults are people 25 and older. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%. The Census Bureau asks people to identify their race (white, African-American, etc.) separate from their ethnicity (Hispanic or non-Hispanic). So the totals for these categories cannot be added together, as people show up in both a racial and ethnic group.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Decreasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Increasing
Crimes Against Property Increasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Increasing
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Maintaining
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Bullying Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Maintaining
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Decreasing
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining