Employers grouped by the number of people employed, and presented as a share of businesses with employees.
Viewing businesses, or employers, by size gives insight into the composition of a community's economic profile. An area dominated by large employers may have different priorities, strengths and challenges from an area with more small or medium employers, for example.
In 2016, over half (54%) of businesses in Essex County employed 1-4 people, 19% employed 5-9 people, 12% employed 10-19 people and the remaining 14% employed 20 people or more. Only 2% of employers, less than 500 businesses, had 100 or more employees. This is on par with the employer distribution throughout the state and nation, and represents very little change for Essex County since 2000.
Essex County had a similar distribution as Middlesex, MA across employer sizes in 2016. Differences were seen in Lake, IL and Westchester, NY, however, as both had greater percentages within the 1-4 employee range (60% and 64%, respectively) and lower shares within the 5-9 employee range (both at 16%).
Data is from the U.S. Census Bureau's County Business Patterns. Not included are self-employed individuals, employees of private households, railroad employees, agricultural production employees and most government employees.