Education
Per-Student Spending


Per-Student Spending

What does this measure?

Total spending by public school districts, divided by total pupils.

Why is this important?

Higher spending for schools can mean better facilities, programs, and a greater range of opportunities available to students. It may also signal public support for education and a better paid, more experienced teaching workforce. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given the many factors that contribute to student success, including parental and community influences.

How is our county doing?

In 2018, school districts in Essex County spent about $16,000 per student, less than the statewide level of $16,800. This was a 13% increase, since 2008, in Essex County and 14% in the state.

The highest spending districts in Essex County were Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical ($22,200) and Whittier Regional Vocational Technical ($21,000 per student). Outside the vocational schools, spending was highest in Salem ($19,500) and lowest in North Andover and Haverhill ($13,400 and $13,700 respectively).

How do we compare to similar counties?

Essex County's spending was below Middlesex, MA, which spent $17,700 per student and in Westchester, NY ($28,200) in 2018.

Notes about the data

Figures have been adjusted to 2019 dollars. Per pupil expenditures are calculated by dividing a district's operating costs by its average enrollment across the school year. Comparable data were not available for Lake, IL.

Per-Student Spending
20082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Essex County, MA$14,220$14,927$14,897$14,681$14,572$14,698$14,962$15,429$15,897$15,840$16,030
Middlesex County, MA$15,538$16,254$16,163$15,971$16,012$16,252$16,522$17,089$17,436$17,548$17,669
Westchester County, NY$26,953$28,108$28,029$27,391$27,449$27,231$27,848$28,316$27,947$27,952$28,177
Massachusetts$14,780$15,496$15,298$15,177$15,185$15,390$15,681$16,117$16,498$16,608$16,794
School Districts in Essex
Amesbury$13,736$14,484$14,519$14,736$13,781$14,307$14,302$14,855$15,531$16,548$16,754
Andover$14,885$15,637$15,550$15,568$15,407$15,778$16,399$16,829$17,457$17,773$18,312
Beverly$13,641$14,477$14,373$14,456$14,273$13,862$14,166$14,226$14,582$14,564$15,002
Boxford$12,760$14,304$13,691$13,646$14,849$15,783$16,331$17,498$18,147$17,986$18,912
Community Day Charter Public School - Gateway$15,964$16,998
Community Day Charter Public School - Prospect$17,406$17,420
Community Day Charter Public School - R. Kingman Webster$15,779$15,088
Danvers$14,322$14,561$14,803$14,566$14,390$14,521$14,714$15,756$16,090$16,425$16,923
Essex Agricultural Technical$26,562$28,684$26,584$25,856$25,616$25,405$25,541$23,159$20,978$20,090$19,197
Georgetown$9,788$10,242$10,725$11,219$11,704$12,134$12,745$13,593$13,951$14,063$14,818
Gloucester$14,301$15,384$15,022$15,704$15,522$15,901$16,178$17,329$17,468$17,158$17,184
Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical$24,092$25,322$23,368$23,600$22,407$22,363$21,245$22,174$21,824$21,843$22,222
Hamilton-Wenham$14,981$16,629$16,670$16,532$16,434$16,524$16,401$17,211$17,880$18,266$18,695
Haverhill$13,303$13,468$13,385$13,102$12,921$13,295$13,277$13,268$13,467$13,487$13,662
Hill View Montessori Charter Public$11,018$12,283
Ipswich$12,095$12,726$12,779$12,921$12,859$13,108$14,212$15,176$16,591$17,723$18,028
KIPP Academy Lynn Charter$17,860$18,618
Lawrence$15,012$15,814$16,361$15,301$14,778$15,201$15,148$15,613$16,114$15,417$15,262
Lawrence Family Development Charter$14,558$14,484
Lynn$15,432$16,246$15,426$14,433$14,511$14,453$14,280$14,767$14,684$14,218$14,503
Lynnfield$12,202$12,631$12,787$13,043$13,602$13,844$14,522$14,993$15,448$15,860$16,176
Manchester Essex Regional$15,434$16,307$15,924$15,087$15,009$15,712$16,062$16,518$17,391$18,198$18,676
Marblehead$13,219$14,012$14,345$14,465$14,474$13,944$14,274$14,754$15,669$16,237$16,362
Marblehead Community Charter Public$16,145$16,456
Masconomet$14,453$14,276$14,912$14,605$14,580$14,677$15,406$16,635$17,783$18,840$18,993
Methuen$12,192$12,902$12,737$13,323$12,879$13,032$13,479$13,816$14,266$14,311$14,462
Middleton$11,695$13,245$13,435$13,369$13,619$13,960$14,990$16,257$17,195$17,229$18,419
Nahant$11,616$11,267$12,640$11,911$12,166$13,182$13,998$15,338$15,959$16,306$16,903
Newburyport$14,486$14,923$15,169$15,194$15,168$14,794$15,198$15,279$16,305$16,577$17,157
North Andover$12,443$13,047$13,221$13,074$12,920$12,916$12,840$13,003$13,463$13,285$13,374
North Shore Regional Vocational Technical$26,493$27,145$27,649$26,520$26,222$25,656$26,862
Peabody$14,186$14,843$15,653$14,467$14,508$13,604$14,349$14,557$15,232$15,209$15,429
Pentucket$12,022$12,896$12,605$12,717$13,163$13,528$13,889$14,960$15,770$15,848$15,956
River Valley Charter$15,172$15,949
Rockport$13,580$14,250$15,321$16,614$17,242$17,424$16,625$17,396$18,405$19,302$20,329
Salem$16,355$17,572$16,258$16,626$16,376$16,283$18,057$18,224$20,131$19,452$19,525
Salem Academy Charter$16,457$16,905
Saugus$12,596$13,202$13,795$14,480$14,131$14,286$14,506$15,280$15,583$16,501$16,617
Silver Hill Horace Mann Charter$8,997$8,448
Swampscott$14,101$14,686$14,780$14,405$15,307$15,966$15,980$16,282$17,225$17,956$17,182
Topsfield$12,886$14,047$13,092$13,482$14,645$15,557$15,742$16,999$16,844$17,623$17,128
Triton$12,814$13,422$13,487$14,160$14,196$14,762$15,345$16,165$16,833$17,025$17,183
Whittier Regional Vocational Technical$21,986$21,031$20,655$19,800$19,770$19,934$19,595$19,710$19,409$19,904$21,026

Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2019 dollars.




Total Student Spending
20082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Essex County, MA$1,677,822,374$1,751,683,304$1,749,875,461$1,726,947,846$1,711,917,526$1,739,636,298$1,776,013,043$1,837,390,274$1,883,355,547$1,962,797,100$1,989,590,962
Middlesex County, MA$3,369,291,486$3,515,547,795$3,511,044,071$3,466,014,301$3,473,191,797$3,531,752,472$3,616,206,537$3,740,562,010$3,833,487,896$4,042,704,851$4,093,429,047
Westchester County, NY$3,990,662,032$4,138,009,805$4,162,777,062$4,107,566,721$4,082,804,219$4,051,359,402$4,142,595,707$4,233,876,159$4,206,452,708$4,207,121,196$4,205,318,972
Massachusetts$14,626,864,088$15,266,464,253$15,086,874,942$14,943,728,724$14,867,400,090$15,108,037,301$15,406,546,184$15,843,343,480$16,205,425,138$17,085,245,819$17,355,828,796
School Districts in Essex
Amesbury$36,002,283$36,721,984$37,328,773$37,359,959$34,368,264$35,673,407$35,921,057$36,315,879$36,752,388$38,037,764$38,004,358
Andover$93,650,751$98,293,725$98,514,723$98,956,156$98,188,392$99,676,316$102,710,789$104,962,167$108,703,561$109,725,347$111,320,672
Beverly$64,368,646$65,891,577$65,082,085$65,228,662$64,656,597$63,325,672$65,134,370$66,513,024$68,349,731$69,007,355$70,908,311
Boxford$12,677,212$12,447,760$12,334,672$12,203,317$12,470,375$12,517,657$12,489,628$13,263,405$13,534,395$13,831,206$13,977,503
Community Day Charter Public School - Gateway$4,469,973$5,434,179
Community Day Charter Public School - Prospect$6,960,580$6,966,122
Community Day Charter Public School - R. Kingman Webster$4,416,523$4,825,176
Danvers$52,605,790$54,130,989$55,715,926$54,791,442$53,590,154$54,019,772$55,372,182$57,936,076$59,315,453$59,667,891$60,829,885
Essex Agricultural Technical$11,586,335$12,262,263$12,127,602$12,322,842$12,180,188$12,064,719$11,937,903$25,798,756$25,821,404$25,976,225$26,007,819
Georgetown$17,149,774$17,853,725$18,614,954$19,109,321$19,423,613$19,447,906$19,927,433$20,566,884$20,915,840$21,017,861$21,216,376
Gloucester$53,906,165$56,576,225$54,959,262$56,008,527$54,495,638$54,412,839$55,175,260$56,972,202$57,009,148$56,982,879$56,933,045
Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical$33,775,234$33,510,609$32,004,244$32,473,250$31,540,311$31,306,616$31,081,106$32,416,794$32,537,356$33,644,666$33,568,845
Hamilton-Wenham$31,604,301$35,177,208$33,950,752$32,933,562$32,477,755$32,325,896$31,517,070$32,477,066$32,909,539$33,308,098$33,906,688
Haverhill$106,626,037$108,561,604$108,262,337$106,599,173$107,180,476$110,777,673$110,899,548$112,391,860$114,919,954$116,555,953$119,026,973
Hill View Montessori Charter Public$3,372,684$3,708,101
Ipswich$25,711,835$27,243,131$27,544,240$27,555,892$27,568,020$27,482,615$28,964,727$29,630,623$30,907,528$32,174,821$31,560,104
KIPP Academy Lynn Charter$21,311,069$24,772,681
Lawrence$200,998,753$212,286,201$223,541,847$214,579,283$207,940,652$220,115,978$228,140,146$241,912,911$248,100,010$243,322,739$242,452,006
Lawrence Family Development Charter$10,423,363$10,674,878
Lynn$217,044,708$227,193,363$217,524,360$206,787,468$210,979,858$218,887,585$223,991,954$240,331,642$245,960,112$243,310,304$253,041,717
Lynnfield$28,659,225$30,026,918$30,305,355$30,454,363$31,275,527$31,399,807$32,220,732$33,213,206$34,770,933$35,517,462$36,498,074
Manchester Essex Regional$21,737,611$22,924,417$23,550,280$23,211,243$23,710,328$25,094,352$25,392,255$25,201,261$25,462,681$25,987,423$26,284,625
Marblehead$44,334,669$47,512,235$48,468,946$49,373,995$48,788,742$48,187,249$49,962,817$50,634,637$53,320,494$54,935,692$54,333,582
Marblehead Community Charter Public$3,710,147$3,775,098
Masconomet$30,917,519$31,297,676$31,763,223$30,955,905$30,558,245$30,718,339$31,739,082$33,123,813$34,749,326$35,425,550$35,028,578
Methuen$92,935,845$97,820,289$95,117,591$97,955,271$94,539,341$94,484,977$96,408,315$99,133,950$102,651,710$103,789,776$105,782,711
Middleton$10,382,092$11,795,783$11,708,441$11,109,311$11,113,420$11,389,798$11,587,518$12,300,117$12,187,788$12,196,170$12,773,473
Nahant$4,913,703$4,769,217$5,084,997$4,629,940$4,481,866$4,536,053$4,690,691$4,799,378$4,762,252$4,689,546$4,565,570
Newburyport$36,768,935$37,421,849$37,909,452$38,134,818$39,225,589$38,348,367$39,536,544$39,439,806$41,061,774$41,658,738$42,616,339
North Andover$57,857,758$61,733,358$62,415,343$62,187,721$62,068,025$62,492,227$62,737,291$63,302,250$64,452,791$65,301,412$66,129,700
North Shore Regional Vocational Technical$11,696,687$12,125,664$12,372,826$12,185,794$12,200,874$12,073,930$12,528,422
Peabody$92,095,228$95,931,422$99,567,222$92,565,917$91,112,487$86,385,888$91,653,023$90,127,690$93,054,237$94,014,428$94,769,415
Pentucket$41,703,211$43,843,277$42,412,233$41,308,303$41,292,442$41,162,839$40,403,390$41,572,643$41,208,256$41,259,247$40,858,192
River Valley Charter$4,369,482$4,593,336
Rockport$15,065,312$14,994,347$15,549,101$16,393,006$16,579,742$17,164,012$16,871,060$17,532,122$18,410,104$19,076,175$19,458,611
Salem$78,515,681$85,092,694$79,677,967$81,887,746$80,957,203$85,394,071$86,476,431$91,202,711$93,415,162$90,000,377$90,919,004
Salem Academy Charter$7,232,643$8,016,182
Saugus$39,317,221$40,726,612$42,075,776$44,094,107$42,730,727$43,023,349$43,512,171$44,759,573$45,369,322$47,134,000$47,929,293
Silver Hill Horace Mann Charter$5,067,078$4,718,438
Swampscott$34,686,749$34,953,294$35,100,707$34,057,081$35,984,300$37,059,466$37,632,220$37,146,206$39,843,557$41,212,258$38,976,122
Topsfield$9,141,299$9,296,572$8,913,263$8,931,657$9,204,207$9,465,126$9,643,742$10,411,929$10,792,021$11,276,901$11,068,286
Triton$46,034,236$47,275,323$45,976,968$46,391,424$45,086,846$45,216,858$45,230,776$46,809,832$46,789,762$45,969,738$45,742,358
Whittier Regional Vocational Technical$23,351,571$23,991,991$24,399,993$24,211,390$23,947,321$24,004,942$24,523,391$25,189,862$25,316,957$25,455,558$25,618,538

Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2019 dollars.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Increasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Increasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Decreasing
Crimes Against Property Decreasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Maintaining
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Increasing
Unemployment Rate Maintaining
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Decreasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Decreasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Decreasing
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Maintaining
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable