Education
Per-Student Spending


Per-Student Spending

What does this measure?

Total spending by public school districts, divided by total pupils.

Why is this important?

Higher spending for schools can mean better facilities, programs, and a greater range of opportunities available to students. It may also signal public support for education and a better paid, more experienced teaching workforce. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given the many factors that contribute to student success, including parental and community influences.

How is our county doing?

In 2017, school districts in Essex County spent about $15,200 per student, less than the statewide level of $15,900. This was a 12% increase, since 2008, in both Essex County and the state.

The highest spending districts in Essex County were Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical ($20,900) and Essex County Agricultural Technical ($19,300 per student). Outside the vocational schools, spending was highest in Salem ($18,700) and lowest in North Andover and Haverhill ($12,700 and $12,900 respectively).

How do we compare to similar counties?

Essex County's spending was below Middlesex, MA, which spent $16,900 per student in 2017 and Westchester, NY ($26,800).

Notes about the data

Figures have been adjusted to 2017 dollars. Per pupil expenditures are calculated by dividing a district's operating costs by its average enrollment across the school year. Comparable data were not available for Lake, IL.

Per-Student Spending
2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Essex County, MA$13,634$14,311$14,283$14,076$13,971$14,092$14,345$14,793$15,242$15,212
Middlesex County, MA$14,897$15,584$15,497$15,313$15,352$15,583$15,841$16,385$16,718$16,856
Westchester County, NY$25,842$26,950$26,874$26,262$26,318$26,109$26,700$27,149$26,796$26,799
Massachusetts$14,171$14,858$14,667$14,552$14,559$14,755$15,035$15,453$15,818$15,911
School Districts in Essex
Amesbury$13,170$13,887$13,921$14,129$13,213$13,717$13,713$14,243$14,891$15,865
Andover$14,272$14,992$14,909$14,926$14,772$15,127$15,723$16,135$16,738$17,040
Beverly$13,079$13,881$13,781$13,861$13,684$13,291$13,583$13,639$13,981$13,964
Boxford$12,234$13,715$13,127$13,083$14,237$15,133$15,658$16,777$17,400$17,245
Danvers$13,732$13,961$14,193$13,966$13,797$13,923$14,108$15,107$15,427$15,748
Essex Agricultural Technical$25,467$27,501$25,488$24,790$24,560$24,358$24,488$22,204$20,113$19,262
Georgetown$9,384$9,820$10,283$10,757$11,222$11,634$12,220$13,032$13,376$13,483
Gloucester$13,712$14,750$14,402$15,057$14,883$15,246$15,511$16,615$16,748$16,451
Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical$23,099$24,278$22,404$22,627$21,484$21,442$20,369$21,260$20,924$20,943
Hamilton-Wenham$14,364$15,944$15,983$15,851$15,757$15,843$15,725$16,502$17,143$17,513
Haverhill$12,755$12,913$12,833$12,562$12,388$12,747$12,730$12,722$12,912$12,932
Ipswich$11,596$12,202$12,252$12,389$12,329$12,567$13,627$14,550$15,907$16,993
Lawrence$14,393$15,163$15,687$14,671$14,169$14,575$14,524$14,970$15,450$14,782
Lynn$14,796$15,576$14,791$13,838$13,913$13,857$13,691$14,159$14,079$13,632
Lynnfield$11,699$12,111$12,260$12,505$13,041$13,274$13,924$14,375$14,811$15,206
Manchester Essex Regional$14,798$15,635$15,268$14,465$14,391$15,065$15,400$15,837$16,675$17,448
Marblehead$12,674$13,435$13,753$13,869$13,877$13,370$13,686$14,146$15,023$15,568
Masconomet$13,857$13,687$14,297$14,003$13,979$14,072$14,771$15,949$17,050$18,064
Methuen$11,689$12,370$12,212$12,774$12,348$12,495$12,923$13,246$13,678$13,721
Middleton$11,213$12,699$12,881$12,818$13,058$13,384$14,372$15,587$16,486$16,519
Nahant$11,138$10,802$12,119$11,420$11,664$12,639$13,421$14,706$15,302$15,634
Newburyport$13,889$14,308$14,544$14,568$14,543$14,185$14,571$14,649$15,633$15,894
North Andover$11,930$12,509$12,676$12,535$12,388$12,383$12,310$12,467$12,908$12,738
North Shore Regional Vocational Technical$25,401$26,026$26,509$25,427$25,141$24,599$25,755
Peabody$13,601$14,231$15,008$13,871$13,910$13,044$13,758$13,957$14,604$14,582
Pentucket$11,526$12,365$12,086$12,192$12,621$12,971$13,316$14,344$15,120$15,194
Rockport$13,020$13,663$14,689$15,929$16,531$16,706$15,940$16,679$17,646$18,506
Salem$15,681$16,847$15,588$15,941$15,701$15,612$17,313$17,473$19,302$18,650
Saugus$12,077$12,658$13,226$13,883$13,549$13,697$13,908$14,650$14,941$15,821
Swampscott$13,520$14,080$14,171$13,812$14,676$15,308$15,322$15,611$16,515$17,216
Topsfield$12,355$13,468$12,553$12,926$14,041$14,916$15,093$16,298$16,150$16,897
Triton$12,286$12,869$12,931$13,577$13,611$14,153$14,713$15,499$16,139$16,323
Whittier Regional Vocational Technical$21,080$20,164$19,804$18,984$18,955$19,113$18,788$18,898$18,609$19,084

Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars.




Total Student Spending
2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Essex County, MA$1,608,670,290$1,679,487,014$1,677,753,682$1,655,771,037$1,641,360,197$1,667,936,530$1,702,813,993$1,761,661,538$1,805,732,336$1,813,506,992
Middlesex County, MA$3,230,424,863$3,370,653,163$3,366,335,061$3,323,161,210$3,330,042,882$3,386,189,958$3,467,163,216$3,586,393,332$3,675,489,242$3,743,374,654
Westchester County, NY$3,826,185,386$3,967,460,165$3,991,206,630$3,938,271,804$3,914,529,898$3,884,381,091$3,971,857,057$4,059,375,351$4,033,082,168$4,033,723,104
Massachusetts$14,024,012,349$14,637,251,152$14,465,063,682$14,327,817,290$14,254,634,569$14,485,353,826$14,771,559,553$15,190,354,083$15,537,512,409$15,703,195,950
School Districts in Essex
Amesbury$34,518,436$35,208,474$35,790,253$35,820,154$32,951,763$34,203,114$34,440,557$34,819,106$35,237,625$36,470,023
Andover$89,790,900$94,242,512$94,454,401$94,877,640$94,141,520$95,568,119$98,477,525$100,636,112$104,223,303$105,202,975
Beverly$61,715,668$63,175,831$62,399,703$62,540,238$61,991,751$60,715,680$62,449,832$63,771,665$65,532,671$66,163,191
Boxford$12,154,715$11,934,721$11,826,294$11,700,353$11,956,403$12,001,737$11,974,863$12,716,749$12,976,569$13,261,148
Danvers$50,437,623$51,899,960$53,419,573$52,533,192$51,381,416$51,793,326$53,089,997$55,548,219$56,870,745$57,208,656
Essex Agricultural Technical$11,108,800$11,756,869$11,627,758$11,814,952$11,678,177$11,567,467$11,445,878$24,735,451$24,757,165$24,905,605
Georgetown$16,442,940$17,117,877$17,847,732$18,321,723$18,623,061$18,646,353$19,106,116$19,719,212$20,053,785$20,152,420
Gloucester$51,684,402$54,244,415$52,694,095$53,700,114$52,249,580$52,170,193$52,901,191$54,624,071$54,659,495$54,634,308
Greater Lawrence Regional Vocational Technical$32,383,175$32,129,457$30,685,177$31,134,853$30,240,365$30,016,302$29,800,087$31,080,723$31,196,316$32,257,988
Hamilton-Wenham$30,301,717$33,727,366$32,551,458$31,576,193$31,139,172$30,993,572$30,218,082$31,138,511$31,553,160$31,935,292
Haverhill$102,231,405$104,087,196$103,800,263$102,205,648$102,762,993$106,211,929$106,328,781$107,759,587$110,183,484$111,752,055
Ipswich$24,652,112$26,120,296$26,408,994$26,420,166$26,431,793$26,349,908$27,770,935$28,409,386$29,633,663$30,848,724
Lawrence$192,714,513$203,536,745$214,328,485$205,735,317$199,370,300$211,043,814$218,737,263$231,942,379$237,874,474$233,294,100
Lynn$208,099,128$217,829,503$208,559,011$198,264,645$202,284,243$209,866,050$214,760,041$230,426,283$235,822,773$233,282,178
Lynnfield$27,478,024$28,789,347$29,056,308$29,199,175$29,986,494$30,105,652$30,892,743$31,844,311$33,337,836$34,053,596
Manchester Essex Regional$20,841,688$21,979,578$22,579,646$22,254,582$22,733,098$24,060,079$24,345,704$24,162,581$24,413,227$24,916,342
Marblehead$42,507,399$45,554,000$46,471,280$47,339,027$46,777,896$46,201,194$47,903,581$48,547,711$51,122,870$52,671,497
Masconomet$29,643,242$30,007,730$30,454,090$29,680,046$29,298,775$29,452,271$30,430,943$31,758,603$33,317,119$33,965,473
Methuen$89,105,459$93,788,589$91,197,284$93,918,008$90,642,866$90,590,742$92,434,810$95,048,107$98,420,881$99,512,041
Middleton$9,954,190$11,309,615$11,225,873$10,651,436$10,655,376$10,920,363$11,109,934$11,793,163$11,685,464$11,693,500
Nahant$4,711,183$4,572,652$4,875,417$4,439,115$4,297,144$4,349,098$4,497,362$4,601,569$4,565,974$4,496,265
Newburyport$35,253,489$35,879,494$36,347,000$36,563,077$37,608,891$36,767,825$37,907,030$37,814,279$39,369,397$39,941,757
North Andover$55,473,129$59,188,995$59,842,871$59,624,631$59,509,868$59,916,587$60,151,550$60,693,224$61,796,345$62,609,990
North Shore Regional Vocational Technical$11,214,603$11,625,900$11,862,876$11,683,552$11,698,011$11,576,299$12,012,058
Peabody$88,299,488$91,977,572$95,463,521$88,750,777$87,357,252$82,825,461$87,875,509$86,413,043$89,218,972$90,139,588
Pentucket$39,984,397$42,036,260$40,664,197$39,605,766$39,590,558$39,466,297$38,738,149$39,859,211$39,509,843$39,558,732
Rockport$14,444,389$14,376,350$14,908,239$15,717,362$15,896,402$16,456,591$16,175,713$16,809,529$17,651,325$18,289,943
Salem$75,279,627$81,585,567$76,394,009$78,512,712$77,620,522$81,874,522$82,912,272$87,443,757$89,565,021$86,290,977
Saugus$37,696,747$39,048,049$40,341,607$42,276,752$40,969,564$41,250,125$41,718,800$42,914,790$43,499,409$45,191,354
Swampscott$33,257,121$33,512,681$33,654,018$32,653,406$34,501,194$35,532,046$36,081,194$35,615,211$38,201,389$39,513,679
Topsfield$8,764,537$8,913,411$8,545,900$8,563,535$8,824,852$9,075,017$9,246,272$9,982,797$10,347,224$10,812,119
Triton$44,136,917$45,326,853$44,082,009$44,479,384$43,228,575$43,353,228$43,366,572$44,880,547$44,861,305$44,075,078
Whittier Regional Vocational Technical$22,389,128$23,003,152$23,394,338$23,213,508$22,960,323$23,015,569$23,512,651$24,151,652$24,273,509$24,406,398

Source: Massachusetts Department of Elementary & Secondary Education, New York State Education Department
Notes: Figures are in constant 2017 dollars.




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Decreasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Increasing
Crimes Against Property Increasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Increasing
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Decreasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Increasing
Bullying Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Increasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Increasing
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Decreasing
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining