Health
Mortality Rate


Mortality Rate

What does this measure?

The number of deaths per year, expressed as an age-adjusted rate per 10,000 residents.

Why is this important?

Mortality rates are a measure of the overall health of a community, particularly since some of the most common causes of death, such as heart disease, can be prevented or mitigated through lifestyle changes, prevention efforts, early intervention, and better health care.

How is our county doing?

In 2016, Essex County's mortality rate was 67 per 10,000 residents, a decrease of 17% since 2000. Essex had the same rate as the state and was lower than the nation (73 per 10,000 residents). The state and nation had similar decreases since 2000.

How do we compare to similar counties?

The mortality rate for Essex County in 2016 was a higher than Lake, IL and Middlesex (both at 61 per 10,000 residents) and Westchester, NY (54 per 10,000 residents). Essex County's reduction since 2000 was somewhat smaller than the declines of 23-25% in the comparison counties.

Notes about the data

Rates have been adjusted for differences in age and gender among the geographies.

Mortality Rate
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Essex County, MA8080817976727272706766676665666967
Middlesex County, MA7876767270696865646363636059606261
Lake County, IL8179787774717068676465636562636361
Westchester County, NY7272696766646361605757585556555454
Massachusetts8281817976747371716867686667666967
United States8786868481827978777575747373727373

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Notes: Rate per 10,000 residents. Numbers are age-adjusted.




Total Deaths
20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Essex County, MA6,5406,5486,6616,6136,4076,1376,2176,3506,2576,0826,0886,2336,2286,2946,5106,9206,692
Middlesex County, MA11,85911,71711,76011,24710,99811,00110,89210,63210,65410,60210,68511,06210,77510,80411,03011,54911,476
Lake County, IL3,6733,7873,8523,8753,8833,8773,9303,9193,9963,9514,0454,0744,3304,2774,4544,5574,503
Westchester County, NY7,4447,6067,3667,2777,2357,1317,0997,0086,9586,6906,7957,0596,9057,1847,1327,1087,135
Massachusetts56,68156,75456,92856,29154,51153,87453,45052,91753,51852,30852,58353,71053,17754,56755,20057,80656,961
United States2,403,3512,416,4252,443,3872,448,2882,397,6152,448,0172,426,2642,423,7122,471,9842,437,1632,468,4352,515,4582,543,2792,596,9932,626,4182,712,6302,744,248

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention




INDICATORS TREND | ESSEX COUNTY
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Preterm Births Increasing
Infant Mortality Rate Maintaining
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Decreasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Child Abuse and Neglect Increasing
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Youth Arrests Decreasing
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Employment Maintaining
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Charitable Contributions Maintaining
Protected Land Not Applicable
Days with Good Air Quality Increasing
Beach Contamination Decreasing
Daily Water Use per Resident Decreasing
Crimes Against People Increasing
Crimes Against Property Increasing
Drug-Related Arrests Maintaining
Reports of Domestic Violence Increasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Recidivism Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Traffic Injuries and Fatalities Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Change in Total Population Increasing
Change in Population by Age/Gender Not Applicable
People 65 or Older Living Alone Decreasing
People with Disabilities Increasing
Households by Type Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Gender Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Change in Total Jobs Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary Increasing
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Median Earnings by Occupation by Gender Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County for Work Not Applicable
Employer Size Not Applicable
Self-Employment Revenue Maintaining
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Not Applicable
Female Enrollment in School Not Applicable
Chronically Absent Students Increasing
Per-Student Spending Maintaining
Bullying Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 3 Reading Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math by Student Group Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 English Language Arts Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 10 Math Not Applicable
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate by Student Group Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Income in Relation to Poverty Level Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Rate by Household Type Not Applicable
Households Receiving Temporary Assistance Maintaining
Households Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Participation in Food Assistance by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Earned Income Tax Credit Participation Maintaining
Economically Disadvantaged Students Increasing
Median Home Value Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Homeownership Rates Maintaining
Homeownership Rates by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Homeless Persons Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Medical Care Expenses Maintaining
Prevalence of Children with Asthma Maintaining
Prevalence of Overweight Children Decreasing
Prevalence of Overweight Adults Not Applicable
Diabetes Incidence Decreasing
Chronic Disease Among Older Adults Increasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Cancer Mortality Rate Decreasing
Heart Disease Mortality Rate Decreasing
Mortality Rate Decreasing
People who Smoke Not Applicable
Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Youth Use of Illegal Drugs Not Applicable
Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Not Applicable
Drug Overdose Mortality Rate Increasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Suicide Rate Maintaining