Unemployment Rate, by Race/Ethnicity
What does this measure?
The unemployment rate for racial and ethnic groups in a geographic area. Unemployed individuals are those without jobs who are able, available and seeking work; the rate presents them as a share of the total labor force (the total number of employed and unemployed individuals 16 or older and not living in prisons, mental hospitals, or nursing homes).
Why is this important?
Unemployment rates are a relatively timely indicator of current local economic conditions, particularly recent changes in the employment landscape that reflect the overall health of the economy.
How is our county doing?
In 2010-14, unemployment was higher among Hispanic and African American residents at 14% than among Asian and white residents (both 8%). This was similar to the disparities seen at the state and national levels.
How do we compare to similar counties?
Essex County's rates were similar to those in comparable counties. Lake, IL had higher unemployment among African Americans at 18% and Lake, Middlesex, MA and Westchester, NY had somewhat lower rates among Hispanics (11%, 11% and 10%, respectively).
Notes about the data
Figures in 2015 dollars. The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.